DG Health and Consumers
- Current languageen
- Legislation on GMO cultivation
- Authorisation procedure
- EU Register of authorised GMOs
- Monitoring after authorisation
- Trans-boundary movement
- Contained use
- New breeding techniques
- Evaluation of GMO cultivation
- Reports & studies
Seed & propagation material
- EU rules
- EU marketing requirements
- Conservation varieties
- EU legislation
- Review of EU rules
- Equivalence requirements for non-EU countries
- Plant variety catalogues & databases
- Plant genetic resources
- Plant health - Biosafety
- Plant property rights
- Standing commitees
The EU regulates the marketing of seed and propagating material of agricultural, vegetable, forest, fruit and ornamental species and vines, ensuring that EU criteria for health and quality are met. EU legislation applies to genera and species important for the internal market and is based on:
- Registration of varieties or material;
- Certification or inspection of lots of seed and plant propagating material before marketing.
Seed from non-EU countries has to meet equivalence criteria. Non-EU countries guaranteeing they meet these criteria are listed as eligible to export to the EU.
Under certain conditions, EU countries may temporarily market seed which does not meet these standards e.g. when a supply shortage occurs mostly caused by reduced germination of seed.
The Commission establishes the rules in collaboration with national experts in the respective Standing Committees.