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Cereal seed

EU certification ensures the quality of cereal seed for 15 species or crossings . EU countries can only market officially certified seed. Certification includes field inspection, seed sampling and testing, and results in an official label.

Marketing is with reference to the variety.


Seed must fulfil the criteria in Directive 66/402/EEC for:

  • Field production;
  • Seed purity and identity ;
  • Plant health;
  • Specific requirements for the different marketing categories: pre-basic, basic and certified seed.

Who does the certification?

Only the national competent authority can carry out the certification or the business itself under that authority's official supervision.

Certification conditions



  • Previous cropping
  • Identity and purity of variety
  • Minimum distances from neighbouring pollen sources
  • Presence of harmful organisms
  • Identity and purity of variety
  • Analytical purity
  • Germination rate
  • Content of seed of other plant species
  • Presence of harmful organisms e.g. Claviceps purpurea

The Commission adopts measures related to the Directive together with national experts in the Standing Committee on Seeds & Propagating Material for Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry & Vine.