EU rules on plant health aim to protect crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamentals and forests from harmful pests and diseases (harmful organisms) by preventing their introduction into the EU or their spread within the EU. This aim helps to:
- contribute to sustainable agricultural and horticultural production through plant health protection;
- contribute to the protection of public and private green spaces, forests and the natural landscape.
Directive 2000/29/EC is supported by further legislation in the form of a number of Control Directives and Emergency Measures.
In order to meet this aim, the EU:
- regulates the introduction of plants and plant products into the EU from countries outside the EU;
- regulates the movement of plants and plant products within the EU;
- imposes eradication and containment measures in case of outbreaks, and co-finances them;
- places obligations on countries outside the EU which want to export plants or plant products to the EU.