PPPs (also referred to as 'pesticides') are products in the form in which they are supplied to the user, consisting of, or containing active substances, safeners or synergists, and intended for one of the following uses:
- (a) protecting plants or plant products against all harmful organisms or preventing the action of such organisms, unless the main purpose of these products is considered to be for reasons of hygiene rather than for the protection of plants or plant products (e.g. fungicides, insecticides);
- (b) influencing the life processes of plants, such as substances influencing their growth, other than as a nutrient (e.g. plant growth regulators, rooting hormones);
- (c) preserving plant products, in so far as such substances or products are not subject to special Community provisions on preservatives (e.g. extending the life of cut flowers);
- (d) destroying undesired plants or parts of plants, except algae unless the products are applied on soil or water to protect plants (e.g. herbicides/weedkillers to kill actively growing weeds);
- (e) checking or preventing undesired growth of plants, except algae unless the products are applied on soil or water to protect plants (e.g. herbicides/weedkillers preventing the growth of weeds).
PPPs contain at least one approved active substance (See the 'Approval of active substances' page for the approval procedure); these may include micro-organisms, pheromones and botanical extracts.
Before any PPP can be placed on the market or used, it must be authorised in the Member State(s) concerned. Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 lays down the rules and procedures for authorisation of PPPs.
The controls of the use and placing on the market of PPPs are performed by Member States. For information about the trade of illegal and counterfeit pesticides you can consult the study on this topic.