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In certain circumstances, EU countries can ban GMOs that are authorised at EU level.

Some have already invoked the so-called 'safeguard clause' (Art. 23 Dir. 2001/18/EC) where they temporarily restrict or prohibit the use and/or sale of the GM product on their territory.

They need to justify this decision i.e. that the GMO in question is a risk to people's health or the environment.

Currently, 6 countries apply the safeguard clause on GMO events:

  • Austria ;
  • France ;
  • Greece ;
  • Hungary ;
  • Germany ;
  • Luxembourg .