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Transboundary movements

Regulation (EC) 1946/2003 regulates transboundary movements of GMOs and transposes the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety into EU law.

The Protocol sets common rules for the trans-boundary movement of Living Modified Organisms to ensure the protection of biodiversity and human health globally.

The Regulation, which addresses in particular exports of GMOs, obliges EU countries to take legal, administrative and other measures to implement their commitments under the Protocol.

It establishes the procedures for the trans-boundary movement of GMOs including:

  • notification to importing parties

  • information to the Biosafety Clearing House

  • requirements on identification and accompanying documentation