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Legislation on GMO cultivation

GMOs are organisms with artificially altered genes to change their characteristics in some way.

To date the most well know but also controversial application of GMO technology is related to food crops, for example food crops that are altered to produce pesticidal proteins from within the plant.

But GMO technology is also used for biological and medical research, production of pharmaceutical drugs and experimental medicine.

EU regulation of GMOs aims to:

  • Ensure strong protection of human life, health and welfare;
  • Protect the environment;
  • Defend consumer interests;
  • Ensure that the EU's internal market works effectively.