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Deliberate release into the environment

Directive 2001/18 lays down:

  • procedure for authorising deliberate release and marketing of GMOs;
  • common methodology for assessing environment risks throughout the EU;
  • common EU-wide objectives for monitoring GMOs;
  • mechanism for modifying, suspending or ending authorisation when new information on risks becomes available.

Key points

  • Initial authorisations can be granted for up to 10 years (renewable);
  • GMOs must be monitored once placed on the market;
  • Public consultation is compulsory;
  • Labelling to guarantee consumers an informed choice;
  • Information on GMOs (including their location) must be recorded in a register;
  • Commission reports on implementation of the Directive every 3 years.