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Cultivation & commercialisation

Companies can apply for GMO authorisations by submitting a dossier with experimental data and an extensive risk assessment. Authorisations are valid throughout the EU and may be for:

  • Cultivation;
  • Marketing of food and feed and derived products.

If the GMO is to be used in food or feed without cultivation - a single application for both food and feed purposes is enough (Regulation 1829/2003).

If the GMO is to be used in food or feed with cultivation in the EU - companies submit an application for both cultivation and food/feed purposes under the same Regulation.

If the GMO is not to be used in food or feed - applying for authorisation for cultivation is enough (Directive 2001/18).

A summary of the authorisation procedure is below.

Full rules in: