The EU is supplying the Russian Federation (RF) with products subject to requirements in the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) sphere. Trade takes place according to rules ensuring the safety of exported products. Russia is the second export market for EU agricultural products and the first one in value for export of animals and animal products such as meat and dairy products, as well as fruits and vegetables. The EU is an important export market for Russia agri-food products including cereals and fisheries.
Exporters to the RF will find here the relevant importing requirements. These import requirements are set by 2 agencies in the Russian Federation - Rosselkhoznadzor and Rospotrebnadzor - depending on the aspects (public health, animal health, plant health).
Since 2010 Russia has engaged into harmonising its SPS norms with Kazakhstan and Belarus, in the framework of a Customs Union (CU). The harmonised rules set at CU level prevail over the national norms. The CU texts also set mechanisms for the application in the Russian Federation of SPS international standards. These mechanisms enter into force from the date of accession of the Russian Federation to the World Trade Organisation (22 August 2012).
The Commission has engaged negotiations of bilateral SPS conditions for certain products, which co-exist with requirements applied pursuant to the national and CU legal framework. These conditions involve also the Members States competent authorities in charge of the controls over the production of the concerned products. An administrative framework was set up between the Commission, Member States and Russian authorities through specific agreements called Memorandums of Understanding, which are presented in this webpage. At the request of Member States Competent Authorities and of stakeholders engaged into export controls and export activities, the Commission also provides through this webpage tools to accede the detailed SPS requirements applicable for export to the Russian market. Regular updates are made to this information, as far as the Commission is informed. Some insights are also given on the SPS regulations applicable in other members of the CU, such as Kazakhstan. Please take note that non-official documents are provided here for information. The Commission does not take any responsibility in the accuracy or completeness of the documents.
EU stakeholders are invited to submit any questions, comments or information they may have on SPS conditions for trade between the EU and the Russian Federation / Customs Union to the following addresses: SANCO-G7-RUSSIA@ec.europa.eu (DG SANCO) or DELEGATION-RUSSIA-HEALTH-AGRI@eeas.europa.eu (EU Delegation to the Russian Federation).
Memorandums of Understanding (MoU)
Animals and animal products
- MoU 02.09.2004 on veterinary certification of animals and animal products
- Annex 04.04.2006 to the MoU 02.09.2004 on transit
- MoU 04.04.2006 Regionalisation and zoning
- Annex II 19.01.2007 to the MoU 02.09.2004 Certification after accession of RO and BG
- Model 26.3.2008 for bilateral MoU conditions for deliveries of meat and raw meat products
Plant and Plant products
Food of Plant origin
- MoU 2008 Pesticide residues nitrates and nitrites
- Model safety certificate agreed between the EU and the RF
Fish Fishery products and seafood
CU SPS requirements
Customs Union between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan
Overview: Customs Union SPS requirements
When in force, Customs Union requirements supersede corresponding requirements listed in the RF legislation displayed in other sections of this website. On the other hand, RF requirements that are not contradicted by CU requirements continue to apply.
RF Legislative requirements and other documents
All food products
Milk and Dairy
- Special Focus: texts applicable to Milk and Dairy products Updated 19-06-2009
Fish and fishery products
- Special Focus: Fish MRL and limits of contaminants, additives…
- RF Government Resolution No 132 of 10 March 2010 on application in the Russian Federation of certain provisions of Technical Regulation on Fish and Fish Products of Kazakhstan prior to the adoption of CU TR on Fish
Methods of inspection
MRLs of pesticides in food of plant and animal origin
Kazakhstan's SPS legal requirements
EU - Russia: SPS issues: Browsing Rosselkhozdnadzor website
The list of establishments eligible to export to the Russian Federation, veterinary and phytosanitary certificates valid for export to the Russian Federation, other information on restrictions, audits and inspections for each country is available at the following link:
The list of veterinary certificates valid for export to the Russian Federation after 1 January 2013: