Scientific Committee on Veterinary Measures
relating to Public Health
Outcome of discussions
of the Meeting of the Scientific Committee on Veterinary
Measures relating to Public Health held on 22 December 1997
List of Participants
Prof. A. Osterhaus (chairperson)
Prof. R. Gilbert (first
Prof. J-L. Jouve (second
Prof. J. Fink-Gremmels, Prof. A. Mantis,
Prof. E. Nurmi, Dr. J. Schlundt, Dr. I. Vagsholm, Dr. D.
Vuitton, Prof. P. Willeberg
Dr. A. Johnston, Prof. A. Macri, Prof.
E. Quinto Fernandez, Prof. F. Van Knapen
Prof. V. Caporale, Prof. O.
Mr. R. Vanhoorde, Mr. B. Verleysen, Mr.
P. Peeters DG V, Mr. H. Winter DG VI
1. Declarations of interest
With reference to point 6d of the agenda
Prof. Willeberg explained a possible interest. However, the
Committee accepted his ability to act independently on this
2. Adoption of the Agenda
The agenda was adopted with the
inclusion of an additional point 9.
3. Adoption of the minutes of the
The minutes were adopted.
4. Discussion and possible adoption of
Internal Rules of Procedure
As the Internal Rules of Procedure were
not yet discussed in the Scientific Steering Committee, it
was decided to postpone this point until the next
5. Work programme and planning of future
The following provisional calendar was
decided for the plenary sessions:
17 February 1998;
23 March 1998;
27 April 1998;
25 May 1998;
22 June 1998;
20 July 1998;
28 September 1998;
30 October 1998;
30 November 1998;
21 December 1998.
6. Outstanding questions to the
6 (a) Request for a scientific review
concerning the use of antimicrobial treatments of poultry
carcasses, the various methods of carcass rinsing including
trisodium monophosphates (TSP), organic acids and
The issue was addressed in the light of
a discussion paper. The Committee considered that treatment
of carcasses should be based on risk assessment and that it
should only be considered as an additional tool under the
proviso of strict implementation of HACCP and GMP (good
manufacturing practices). Considering the overlapping with
point 6 (b), it was decided to combine both questions and
to assess them together. As a first step, the participation
of an expert from the US (FSIS) to clarify the US approach
was considered appropriate.
It was decided to identify the various
scientific aspects in a working group meeting scheduled for
29 January 1998. The working group includes Prof. J-L.
Jouve (chairman), Prof. A. Mantis, Dr. J. Schlundt from the
Committee and Prof. Geoffrey Mead (UK), Prof. H. Kruse (NO)
and Dr. H. P. Riemann (USA). The composition of the working
group will subsequently be amended in the light of the
scientific questions which need to be addressed.
The deadline for the delivery of a draft
report to the plenary is scheduled for the meeting of 27
6 (b) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning the 9th code of Federal Regulations Part 304, et
al. Pathogen reduction; Hazard Analysis and Critical
Control Point (HACCP) Systems; Final rule
Cfr. point 6(a).
6 (c) Request for a scientific opinion
on the evaluation of microbiological criteria and
temperatures for storage and transport of products of
animal origin intended for human consumption:
- partim microbiological criteria;
- partim temperatures for storage and
From the Commission side an overview was
given about the new legal standard for the development of
the relevant Community policy (Article 100A and 129 instead
of the former Article 43 of the Treaty). It was explained
that the new criteria need to be backed by science and be
based on risk assessment (SPS). Pending such criteria the
existing ones will remain in force.
A working group was set up. It includes
Prof. R. Gilbert (chairman) and Prof. J-L. Jouve of the
Committee and Prof. Teuffel (D), Prof. M. Van Schothorst
(NL) and Prof. S. Lindgren (Scientific Committee for
The deadline for the delivery of a short
draft report to the plenary is scheduled for the meeting of
July or September 1998.
6 (d) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning the revision of ante- and post- mortem
inspection procedures for an alternative inspection system
for the slaughter of pigs
In the light of the existing progress
report it was decided to restrict the exercise at present
to pigs. Other animal species could be considered once the
general aspects are agreed upon. The composition of the
existing ad hoc working group addressing this issue was
reviewed. The new group includes Prof. A. Johnston
(chairman) and Prof. Willeberg of the Committee and Prof.
R. Fries (D), Prof. P. Marcato (I), Prof. Snijders or
Elbers (cf. Prof. Van Knapen) and Prof. P. Karaioannoglou
(GR). Working group meetings will be organised
6 (e) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning cooling of carcasses during transport
Considering the state of progress, the
Committee decided to have a last meeting with the existing
working group with the aim of finalising a draft opinion
for the plenary. Members of the working group are:
Prof. A. Osterhaus (chairman) of the
Committee and Prof. C. Ring (D), Dr. P. Mullen (UK) and Mr.
J. Holzer (D).
6 (f) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning the equivalence of two protocols for the
detection of trichinella larvae in horse meat and in pork
with the methods approved in accordance with Council
6 (g) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning the modification of the methods approved in
accordance with Council Directive 77/96/EEC for the
detection of trichinella larvae in horse meat
The Committee appointed Prof. F. Van
Knapen as chairman of the ad hoc working group and invited
him to establish a well balanced group to address points 6
(f) and 6 (g). Expertise from Maison Alfort and BGVV was
suggested. Working group meetings will be organised
6 (h) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning the prevalence and methods of control of
The Committee considered that this
outstanding question is too vague and that it needs to be
clarified. Prof. Van Knapen and Dr. Vuitton are invited to
specify the question in the light of the discussion in the
former working group. Once reformulated, the question will
be returned to the Commission for approval.
6 (i) Request for a scientific opinion
concerning allergic reactions to ingested anisakis simplex
antigens and evaluation of the possible risk to human
The Committee asked Dr. Vuitton to act
as rapporteur and to prepare a draft report based on an
evaluation of existing relevant scientific
6 (j) Antibiotic resistance
The Committee recognised that the
Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition (SCAN) addresses
the issue of feed additives. It was considered that this
issue needs both an input from veterinary and from human
medicine and that a series of scientific reports from
international bodies are currently in the pipeline.
In the light of the above, it was
concluded not to address this question immediately in the
SCVPH. However the chairman was asked to highlight the
multi-diciplinary aspect of the problem in the SSC and to
include an expert of the SCVPH in the SCAN working groups
discussing this question.
7. Setting up of a joint working group
(i.e. including experts of other scientific committees) to
address the use of Bovine Somatotropin
The Committee established a working
group to examine this question. The working group will
include Prof. Fink-Gremmels, Prof. Macri and Prof.
Willeberg from the Committee, an expert from the Scientific
Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare (SCAHAW) and
from the Scientific Committee on Food, Dr. N. Ageraard from
the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition as well as two
external experts. With this aim the secretariat was asked
to explore the availability of Prof. F. André (F) and Prof.
C. Van Peteghem (B).
It was agreed that the part referring to
specific welfare and animal health aspects will be prepared
in a working group of the SCAHAW (in which Prof. Willeberg
would participate) and that it will subsequently be
included in the general report.
The deadline for the submission of the
draft report is July 1997.
8. Appointment of an expert of the
Committee to participate in the working group set up by the
Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare to
examine the possible link between Johnes disease and
It was decided that Dr. Vuitton would
9. Safety of slaughter practices and
methods; risk to spread BSE infectivity through cross
contamination of different tissues by using (pneumatic)
stunners during the slaughtering process of cattle
The chairman informed the Committee
about the outcome of the discussion in the SSC. Dr.
Johnston and Prof. Mantis were asked to present a draft
report within 2-3 months.
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