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Food Safety

Regulatory Committees Standing Committee for Animal Nutrition

Short report of the meeting held on 20 June 2000

CHAIRMAN : D.André for points 1 and 2
M. Lahrssen for points 3 and 4
F. Verstraete for points 5, 6 and 7
H. Cappellaro for point 8

1. Examination and possible opinion on a draft Commission Regulation concerning the provisional authorisation of a new additive in feedingstuffs

A draft Regulation authorising provisionally the new additive "clinoptilolite of sedimentary origin", belonging to the group "binders, anti-caking agents and coagulants" in accordance with Directive 70/524/EEC concerning additives in feedingstuffs has been examined. Some minor modifications have been agreed.

The vote has taken place.

Result of the vote: favourable vote by unanimity.

2. Examination of application for authorisation of certain additives as foreseen under article 4 paragraph 4 of Council Directive 70/524/EEC :

- Coccidiostats and other medicinal substances : diclazuril - "Clinacox" - - Janssen Animal Health - turkeys : demand of authorisation for ten years (rapporteur : B)

At the end of the sixty day period foreseen under article 4 paragraph 4 of Directive 70/524/EEC allocated to the Member States in order to check whether the dossier has been complied in accordance with Directive 87/153/EEC (22. May 2000 in this case), only positive comments have been submitted in writing to the Commission. In the case of no objections being made, the Commission had a period of 30 days to include the authorisation application on the agenda of the Standing Committee for Feedingstuffs.

At the meeting, all Member States confirmed that the dossier complied with the guidelines. As foreseen under paragraph 6, the Commission shall ensure that a decision is taken on the application for authorisation, within 320 days following its inclusion on the agenda of the Standing Committee of today the 20 th of June 2000.

3. Micro-organisms and enzymes: "AlCare"- piglets - timetable (interruption of the evaluation period foreseen under article 4, paragraph 6; clock stopped: 29.05.2000) Rapporteur: UK

As foreseen under article 4 paragraph 6 of Directive 70/524/EEC the time limit will be interrupted where a request is made for additional information.. Several comments have been submitted in writing to the Commission At the meeting of the Expert Committee of the Standing Committee for Feedingstuffs (29.05.2000) it was agreed to stop the clock at day 90 of the 320 days evaluation period.

If a supplementary dossier concerning the questions raised by Member states is provided by the company the product will be put on the agenda of the Expert committee

4. Final report on the « Requirements concerning the efficacy for micro-organisms in animal categories dogs, cats and horses » amended by the experts

The final report on the "Requirements concerning the efficacy for micro-organisms in

animal categories dogs, cats and horses" amended by the experts was discussed. Several comments were made by the Member states made at the Standing Committee and the Commission requested to send eventual additional comments by writing before the end of June. The Commission will examine these comments and an amended report will be will be presented at the next meeting of the Standing Committee for Feedingstuffs for finalisation and adoption.

5. Surveillance program of dioxins in binders, anti-caking agents and coagulants: update of the situation and outcome of the discussions of the ad hoc working group. Conclusions.

The report of the meeting concerning the presence of dioxins in binders , anti-caking agents and coagulants have been discussed. The working group concluded that :

- the current provisional maximum limit of 500 pg PCDD/F WHO-TEQ/kg products established for kaolinitic clay is a feasible limit from an analytical point of view.
- on the basis of the available surveillance data, the working group identified several binders, anti-caking agents and coagulants of which can be assumed that there is no problem with dioxin contamination. The conclusions are only valid for the pure product and not for the product obtained as a by-product.

The Committee will discuss in detail the conclusions of the working group at the next meeting of the Standing Committee.

6. Undesirable substances in feedingstuffs: update of the situation regarding recent reported cases.

PCB contamination of animal feedingstuffs in Belgium

The Belgian authorities informed the Committee of the results of the investigations performed with regard this contamination case. In the framework of a permanent surveillance system a PCB contamination of a compound feed for calves was detected on 16 May 2000 (sample taken on 4 May 2000). The authorities took immediately the necessary measures in order to avoid any further contamination of the feed chain and to safeguard public health. The contamination was very local and limited to one feed manufacturer and all possibly contaminated feedingstuffs have been destroyed. The source of contamination and the way the PCBs contaminated the feed could not yet be identified with certainty.

Dioxin contamination of a preparation of choline chloride originating from Belgium

Choline chloride is a widely used form of choline for supplementing diets and is mainly used as an animal feed additive, classified as a vitamin.

The German authorities informed the Commission and the other Member States on 7 June of the finding of a high level of dioxins in a premixture for sows containing choline chloride. The analysis of the several components of this premixture has shown that it was the preparation of choline chloride that contained high levels of dioxin. This preparation was originating from a company in Spain. The Spanish authorities have immediately taken the necessary measures to protect public health and to avoid any further contamination of the feed chain.

Given the very low incorporation rate of the choline chloride preparation in the final feed, there is no immediate risk for public health.

Following conclusions were drawn:

- Given the fact that there it is evident that the contamination is not limited to one batch and given the durability limit of 1 year of the preparation, the Spanish authorities were urged to provide to the Member States and the Commission a list of all deliveries of the preparation choline chloride from the company involved since June 1999 . Intermediate lists can be provided in order to enable competent authorities to take immediate action.

- Serious indications exist that the source of the contamination is to be traced back to the use of pentachlorophenol (PCP) treated saw dust mixed with corn cob meal that used as a carrier for the choline chloride. The Spanish authorities were requested to provide the Commission and the other member States as soon as possible of the results of the official investigations undertaken, in particular saw dust to determine the source of contamination with certainty.

- The Spanish representative confirmed that the carrier (corn cob meal mixed probably mixed with saw dust) was exclusively used by the company involved as a carrier for choline chloride only and that the product (the mix and the wood pulp) has not been used as a carrier for other additives and/or another company and do not have any other food and feed uses.

- Member states have to take immediate action upon availability of information concerning the delivery of possibly contaminated preparation of feed additive. These actions have to be focused on the additive choline chloride (awaiting complete clarification of the source of conatamination), the preparation choline chloride and premixtures containing the preparation choline chloride.

- Member States should inform the Commission and the other Member States immediately of the findings and results of investigations as well of the actions undertaken by the competent authorities.

7. Methods of analysis for PCBs and dioxins: update.

The Committee was informed of the organisation of a ring trial to control the presence of PCBs in feedingstuffs and on the elaboration of minimum requirements with wich a method of analysis for dioxins should comply with.

8. Examination of possible comments received on a Draft Commission Decision amending Commission Decision 91/516/EEC establishing a list of ingredients whose use is prohibited in compound feedingstuffs following its notification to the WTO.

The draft measure prohibiting the use of certain oils and fats in animal nutrition has been notified to the WTO (ref. G/SPS/N/EEC/83). Only comments of the US have been received requesting a postponement of the date of application foreseen for 1 August 2000. The Committee has considered the comments and accepted that a postponement of the date of application until 1 January 2001 is justified.

The concerns of the oleochemical industry (letter from the Dutch authorities dated 12 April 2000) have been examined.

Taking into account the outcome of the discussions an amended document will be submitted for opinion at the next meeting of the Committee.

9. Other points.

The following items were addressed:

- the Committee was informed of an EPA warning concerning possible high levels of cadmium in zinc sulphate originating from China and which could be used in the production of animal feed. Member states were asked to control this and to report on their findings to the Commission and other Member states.

- A delegation raised the issue of notifications of national measures in the frame of Directive 98/34 of the European parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations. The Commission replied that the urgency of the measures has been refused and that the scientific justification for the proposed national measures has to be submitted.

- request to table several agenda items at the next meeting of the Committee:


Regulatory Committees Standing Committee for Animal Nutrition



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