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Causes of food waste

Causes of food waste

Food is wasted throughout the entire food chain: by farmers, by the food industry, by retailers, by caterers and by consumers. The reasons are diverse and sector specific.

The main causes are:

  • Lack of awareness, lack of shopping planning, confusion about "best before" and" use by" date labels, lack of knowledge on how to cook with leftovers (households).
  • Standard portion sizes, difficulty to anticipate the number of clients (catering);
  • Stock management inefficiencies, marketing strategies (2 for 1, buy 1 get 1 free), aesthetic issues (retail);
  • Overproduction, product & packaging damage (farmers and food manufacturing);
  • Inadequate storage (whole food chain);
  • Inadequate packaging.



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