A top priority for the European Commission: to protect both public and animal health, and to ensure that food is safe from farm to fork
What are TSEs and BSE?
- Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are a family of diseases occurring in man and animals and are characterised by a degeneration of brain tissue giving a sponge-like appearance leading to death.
- The family includes diseases such as Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (CJD) and Kuru in humans, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, Scrapie in small ruminants (sheep and goats), Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in cervids and Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy (TME) in minks.
- The commonly accepted cause of the TSE disease is a transmissible agent called prion (PrPres), which is an abnormal form of a protein.
The EU strategy to manage the risk of BSE: a comprehensive and stringent series of measures applicable throughout the EU since 1989
Current EU rules: European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 999/2001 "The TSE Regulation" based on sound scientific advice. For more information please consult Legislation
The TSE Roadmaps
- TSE Roadmap (July 2005)
A reflection paper providing an outline of possible future changes to EC measures on BSE in the short and medium term (2005-2009) and in the long term (2009-2014). Most of the short and medium term measures have already been adopted by the Commission.
- Questions and Answers on TSE Roadmap (MEMO/05/263).
- The TSE Roadmap 2 - A strategy paper on TSEs for 2010-2015 (July 2010)
Outlines areas where future possible changes to EU TSE-related measures could be made while maintaining the EU's high level of protection of human and animal health and of food safety, backed by solid science.
- Commission Staff Working Document accompanying the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the TSE Roadmap 2.
- Following achievements of 1st Roadmap, Commission outlines future steps regarding BSE/TSE in the TSE Roadmap 2.(Press Release 16 July 2010)
Ensuring Implementation of the legislation – DG SANCO’s Food and Veterinary office (FVO)
TSE Work Programme (November 2006)
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