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  TSE/BSE - Introductionslide

A top priority for the European Commission: to protect both public and animal health, and to ensure that food is safe from farm to fork

What are TSEs and BSE?

  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are a family of diseases occurring in man and animals and are characterised by a degeneration of brain tissue giving a sponge-like appearance leading to death.
  • The family includes diseases such as Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (CJD) and Kuru in humans, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, Scrapie in small ruminants (sheep and goats), Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in cervids and Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy (TME) in minks.
  • The commonly accepted cause of the TSE disease is a transmissible agent called prion (PrPres), which is an abnormal form of a protein.

TSEs and BSE Explained

The EU strategy to manage the risk of BSE: a comprehensive and stringent series of measures applicable throughout the EU since 1989

Current EU rules: European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 999/2001 "The TSE Regulation" based on sound scientific advice. For more information please consult Legislation

The TSE Roadmaps

A reflection paper providing an outline of possible future changes to EC measures on BSE in the short and medium term (2005-2009) and in the long term (2009-2014). Most of the short and medium term measures have already been adopted by the Commission.

Outlines areas where future possible changes to EU TSE-related measures could be made while maintaining the EU's high level of protection of human and animal health and of food safety, backed by solid science.

Ensuring Implementation of the legislation – DG SANCO’s Food and Veterinary office (FVO)

TSE Work Programme (November 2006)

All Press Releases on TSEs/BSE

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