The feed ban is the basic preventive measure laid down against TSE and consists of a ban on the use of processed animal protein (PAP) in feed for farmed animals. Findings by the scientific committees linked the spread of BSE to the consumption of feed contaminated by the infected ruminant protein in the form of PAP. In other words PAP produced from ruminant carcasses, some of which were infected, was assumed to be the transmission route of BSE. Based on these findings a ban on the feeding of mammalian processed animal protein to cattle, sheep and goats was introduced in July 1994. The ban was expanded in January 2001 with the feeding of all processed animal proteins to all farmed animals being prohibited, with certain limited exceptions. This is to ensure that there is no cross-contamination between feed containing PAP intended for species other than ruminants and feed intended for ruminants. Only certain animal proteins considered to be safe (such as fishmeal) can be used, and even then under very strict conditions. See Annex IV to the TSE Regulation.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 956/2008 provides for a derogation from the general prohibition of feeding animal protein to ruminants with a view to allowing the feeding of proteins derived from fish to young animals of ruminant species, subject to certain conditions. The use is restricted to milk replacers intended for feeding unweaned ruminants as a supplement to, or substitute for, post-colostral milk before weaning is complete.
Furthermore, Commission Regulation (EC) No 163/2009 amending Annex IV to the TSE Regulation provides for a derogation from the general prohibition of feeding processed animal protein to farmed animals with a view to allowing the feeding of feed materials and feedingstuffs of plant origin contaminated with insignificant amounts of bone spicules due to environmental contamination. The decision to use this derogation is made by the national competent authorities on a case-by-case-basis following a favourable risk assessment. The derogation is intended to address the problem of environmental contamination of crops, which cannot be completely avoided.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 103/2009 amending Annexes VII and IX to the TSE Regulation sets out a ban on the use of milk and milk products coming from classical scrapie infected flocks for feeding ruminants. This ban is based on the opinion of EFSA adopted in November 2008 on the human and animal exposure risk related to TSEs from milk and milk products derived from small ruminants, which concluded that classical scrapie can be transmitted from ewe to lamb via milk or colostrums, which can be considered valid for goats too. Link
See topic Scientific Advice for more information on related studies. See also the websites of the Community Reference Laboratory (CRL) for Animal Proteins in Feedingstuffs http://www.crl.cra.wallonie.be/ for more information.
See the related studies: