Implementation of the Directive - Monitoring of zoonoses in food and animals
Until 2004, the European Commission publishes a annual Community report on trends and sources of zoonotic agents in animals, feedingstuffs, food and man in the European Union. tThis report was prepared by the CRL for the epidemiology of zoonoses in Berlin and was compiled in accordance with Article 5 of Council Directive N° 92/117/EEC.
From 2005, the Animal Diseases Transmissible to Humans (Zoonoses) Unit of the European Food Safety Authority, in collaboration with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), has been entrusted to prepare the yearly EU summary. The Commission has established a mandate to EFSA concerning the monitoring of zoonoses:
Mandate of Health and Consumer Protection
Directorate-General to the European Food
Safety Authority (EFSA) concerning the
monitoring of zoonoses
added 9 March 2005
The EU reports are based on annual reports submitted by the Member States and Norway and they contain a valuable overview of the prevalence of zoonoses in the Community. They can be consulted at the website of the Animal Diseases Transmissible to Humans (Zoonoses) Unit of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
In order to obtain information on antimicrobial resistance which is comparable between Member States and in time, Commission Decision 2007/407/EC of 12 June 2007 on a harmonised monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella in poultry and pigs was adopted.
Two baseline surveys have been agreed on to be carried out in the Member States in 2008 to collect comparable prevalence data:
- Commission Decision 2007/516/EC of 19 July concerning a financial contribution from the Community towards a survey on the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks and on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. in broiler carcasses to be carried out in the Member States.
- Commission Decision 2008/55/EC of concerning a financial contribution from the Community towards a survey on the prevalence of Salmonella spp. and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in herds of breeding pigs to be carried out in the Member States.