Trichinella is a parasitic nematode worm that can cause disease in people when eating raw or undercooked meat from Trichinella-infected domestic animals or game. These diseases are collectively called "trichinellosis".
It may infect pigs, horses, wild boar, foxes, wolves, bears, skunks, raccoons, rats and other mammals including sea mammals and carnivore birds.
Under EU legislation "trichinellosis" is a "specific hazard" with special rules on official controls.
EU rules require tests for Trichinella in all slaughtered pigs, wild boar and horses, except in pigs from Trichinella-free farms or regions with negligible risk.
Regulation EC 854/2004
Regulation EC 2075/2005
Officially recognised regions with negligible risk of Trichinella in domestic swine
Guidelines & reports
Guidelines - Detection of Trichinella larvae at the slaughterhouse or laboratory
Guidelines - Sampling methods for monitoring Trichinella infection
Report - 1st interlaboratory comparison of a serological test to detect anti-Trichinella IgG in swine sera
Report - Ring trial to detect Trichinella spiralis larvae in pork samples
EU Reference Laboratory for Parasites