The aim of EU legislation on undesirable substances in animal nutrition is to ensure that feed is put into circulation only if they are sound, genuine and of merchantable quality and, when correctly used, do not represent any danger to human health, animal health or the environment or do not adversely affect livestock production.
substances" in EU legislation on animal
nutrition means any substance or product, with
the exception of pathogenic agents, present in
and/or on the product intended for animal feed
which presents a potential danger to human
health, animal health or the environment or do
not adversely affect livestock production.
EU legislation on undesirable substances in animal feed from the 1970s on was consolidated by Council Directive
2002/32/EC. This Directive was replaced by Directive 2002/32/EC (consolidated version) of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 7 May 2002 on undesirable substances in animal feed. The Directive has been subsequently regularly amended in the light of developments in scientific and technical knowledge.
introduced several major amendments. The most
important prohibits the dilution of
contaminated feed materials. This Directive
includes maximum limits for heavy metals such
as arsenic, lead, mercury and cadmium as well
as for dioxin, aflatoxin, certain pesticides,
and botanical impurities in certain feed
materials, feed additives and
In addition, several Commission Recommendation have been adopted in relation to the presence of mycotoxins, in particular ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins, T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products intended for animal feed.
Commission Recommendation 2006/583/EC of 17 August 2006 on the prevention and reduction of Fusarium toxins in cereals and cereal products
Commission Recommendation 2006/576/EC of 17 August 2006 on the presence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, ochratoxin A, T-2 and HT-2 and fumonisins in products intended for animal feeding as amended by Commission Recommendation 2013/637/EU of 4 November 2014 as regards T-2 and HT-2 toxin in compound feed for cats- Commission Recommendation 2013/165/EU of 27 March 2013 on the presence of T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products.
A guidance document on the application of Commission Recommendation 2013/165/EU has been elaborated together with a simplified data submission format for submitting data to EFSA.