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Disclaimer: Please be aware that the authoritative interpretation of this issue is reserved for the European Court of Justice. In addition, please be aware that all references to EU legislation refer only to the basic act but not to possible amendments of the basic act.


Human Consumption (HC)

Other products (NHC)

Live animals

Ungulates (U)

Registered Equidae (E)

Other animals (O)

Are live insects required to undergo veterinary checks in an approved border inspection post (BIP)?

Live insects are included in the scope of Council Directive 92/65/EEC, however there are currently no specific EU animal health import requirements for such animals and EU-countries may apply their own national animal health requirements according to the last indent of Article 18 (2) of Council Directive 92/65/EEC. Council Directive 91/496/EEC requires that veterinary checks are carried out on all consignments of live animals at a border inspection post (BIP) listed in Annex I to Commission Decision 2009/821/EC, including live insects. Commission Decision 2007/275/EC (Annex 1) also lists live animals, including insects and their larval forms as goods requiring checks at BIPS. These checks need to verify that consignments comply with the relevant animal health requirements documented by the Common Veterinary Entry Document (CVED), as laid down in Regulation (EC) No 282/2004. Details for the veterinary checks on insects and invertebrae are laid down in Article 5 of Commission Decision 97/794/EC.

In addition, two parliamentary questions published on the Commission's website refer to veterinary checks on live animals ( E-4576/2010 and P-9820/2010)

Do brine shrimp (sea monkeys) (Artemia spp) cysts have to be presented to an approved border inspection post (BIP) when entering the European Union and which animal health requirements (certificates) would apply?

Brine shrimp (sea monkeys) (Artemia spp) cysts are live animals and must therefore be presented at a BIP approved to accept live animals for veterinary checks.

Which animal health rules apply will depend on the destination of the brine shrimp (sea monkeys) (Artemia spp) cysts:

Brine shrimp cysts entering the EU and destined for an aquaculture farm for further farming or to be used as live feed for aquaculture animals are covered by Council Directive 2006/88/EC and its implementing Regulation (EC) No 1251/2008. For these animals the model animal health certificate laid down in Part A of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 1251/2008 must be used.

Brine shrimp cysts entering the EU as dried cysts caught in the wild, intended for ornamental purposes (sea monkeys) and destined to be kept dry until arrival destination will fall outside the scope of Council Directive 2006/88/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1251/2008. As there are no animal health conditions harmonized at EU level for these animals, Council Directive 92/65/EEC applies. It is for the importing EU-country to consider whether animal health conditions have to be respected in accordance with their national legislation (in line with provisions laid down in Directive 92/65/EEC, Article 17 (2) last indent). The European Commission informed EU-countries that they do not consider that these animals pose an animal health threat to the EU. They may be presented to the BIP with a commercial document, unless the EU-country of destination demands additional health requirements, e.g. a health certificate. Consequently the consignment may be only marketed in the EU-country of destination but not in other EU-countries.

However, if brine shrimp cysts enter the EU as dried cysts and are destined for feeding ornamental fish (pet food purposes), they are covered by Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009. They should be accompanied by the certificate laid down in Chapter 3 of Annex XV to Regulation (EU) No 142/2011 and they can be checked in the NHC-facilities of a BIP.

The appropriate Customs Nomenclature code to be used in all cases in the Common Veterinary Entry Document (CVED) is 0306 27 99.

Do invertebrate pupae (e.g. butterfly -Lepidoptera- pupae) underlay veterinary checks ?

Yes, they fall under CN code 0106 90 00 and underlie veterinary checks in the BIP in accordance with Commission Decision 2007/275/EC.

These animals are covered (as regards animal health) by Council Directive 92/65/EEC , Art. 2, and there are no exclusions. There are no further requirements laid down by EU law and Member States can apply national import rules (Art 17 of the same Directive).

Which requirements are applicable for entry with dogs originating from third countries on the EU territory ?

The dogs have to be pre-notified to the Border Inspection Post (BIP) of arrival with the first part of the Common Veterinary Entry Document (CVED), as laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 282/2004. They have to be accompanied by the health certificate laid down in Commission Decision 2004/595/EC. Then, the veterinary checks in the BIP have to be carried out and the dogs will be released with the completed CVED.

The requirements for the entry of commercial and non-commercial pet animals are available on the following website.

Are live birds in transit destined to third countries allowed to change planes in an EU airport ?

This is not possible. Such transit is only possible, if the birds stay on the same plane and it lands just for re-fuelling. In case they leave the plane, a full veterinary check for importation of the birds into the EU needs to be carried out (Art. 9 (1) of Council Directive 91/496/EEC).

Is it necessary to canalise the import of ornamental fish to approved bodies ?

No, it is not necessary to canalise the import of ornamental fish to approved bodies. As described for box 16 of the CVED in the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 282/2004 : An approved body is a "body approved pursuant to Directive 92/65/EEC" meaning an officially recognised body, institute or centre and normally shops selling ornamental fish are not such bodies.

Pet animals

The requirements for the entry of commercial and non-commercial pet animals are available on the following website.





Official controls in BIPs

Official controls