Directive 93/119/EEC sets out requirements applicable both to slaughter in slaughterhouses and killing authorised outside slaughterhouses, such as killing for disease control, fur animals, etc.
As a general rule,
animals must be spared any avoidable
excitement, pain or suffering during movement,
lairaging, restraint, stunning, slaughter or
killing. Slaughterhouses must be built and
equipped in respect of this rule. Staff
employed for slaughtering must possess the
necessary skill, ability and professional
knowledge. Animals must be stunned before
slaughter or killed instantaneously.
Slaughter and killing
outside slaughterhouses is restricted to a very
limited number of circumstances, such as
disease control, fur animals, hatchery waste.
Approved slaughter or killing methods must be
used in all circumstances.
Meat intended for
human consumption must come from approved
93/119/EEC Member States retain the right to
authorise religious slaughter without
prestunning in their own territory. The
Directive leaves the responsibility for the
respect of religious slaughtering rules with
the religious authority, but places the
responsibility for the enforcement of its
general legal requirements directive with the
official veterinary authorities. It further
requires that animals slaughtered in accordance
with religious rites shall be spared any
avoidable suffering, pain or excitement during
all stages of the slaughter process, and that a
mechanical form of restraint be used to prevent
injury when the animal is killed.
The slaughter of
certain game species, principally for meat
hygiene purposes, is regulated under Council