The adoption of the regulation was based on Commission
(COM(2008)553final) that the Commission presented in 2008.
The proposal was accompanied by an impact assessment in order to evaluate the possible social, economic and environmental implications of different options.
Impact assessment report
Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
Scientific and international background
The previous EU legislation (Directive 93/119/EC) needed to be revised, however, as scientific and technical knowledge in this field had progressed. In 2004 and 2006 the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) adopted two opinions on stunning and killing methods:
- The 2004 opinion concerns horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and farmed fish:
- The 2006 opinion concerns farmed deer, goats, rabbits, ostriches, ducks, geese and quail:
In parallel, the Union had been working to make EU animal welfare policy more widely accepted at international level. This led to the adoption of several welfare guidelines by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2005. In particular the OIE adopted guidelines on stunning and killing for human consumption as well as on killing for disease-control purposes.
The Commission launched in 2006 a study into stunning/killing practices in slaughterhouses and their economic, social and environmental consequences. The study was carried out by an external consultant, the Food Chain Evaluation Consortium.
The study on stunning/killing practices in slaughterhouses and their economic, social and environmental consequences was conducted by Civic Consulting (Germany) and Agra CEAS Consulting (Belgium). Civic Consulting was leading the study and was focusing primarily on the red meat sector; Agra CEAS was focusing primarily on the poultry sector.
Terms of reference for the study
Report part I
Report part II
Compassion in World Farming
Federation of Veterinarians of Europe
Submission by Animals’ Angels
French Food Safety Agency (AFSSA)
International butchers' confederation (CIBC)
Views of the Humane Slaughter Association
European Fur Breeders’ Association (EFBA)
Respect for Animals and Humane Society International (UK) Annex
Eurogroup for Animals