Importation rules for
porcine animals solely govern the introduction
of porcine animals into the EU from third
1. Porcine animals must fulfil the
animal health requirements
laid down in
December 1972. This Directive, which has been
amended several times,
harmonises the rules and establishes the
general animal health conditions for the import
into the territory of the Community of porcine
objective of this harmonisation is to
make sure that the
same principles for importation of
pigs are applied in all the Member States and
prevent animals from entering EU
infectious diseases that are dangerous
for livestock or humans.
- Directive 72/462/EEC
animal health principles on which
importation is based, and the requirements to
be fulfilled by a third country to be
authorised to export pigs. The most important
legislation of the third country.
health status of livestock, of other
domestic animals and wild life.
- the regularity
and rapidity of
information on infectious animal
diseases provided by the third country to
the Commission and the world animal health
country's rules on the prevention
and control of animal diseases.
organisation, structure, competence
power of the veterinary services.
- In addition, other
more specific conditions are laid down
in this Directive as regards
certain infectious diseases. For
example, third countries have to be free from
the most important diseases (e.g. rinderpest,
foot-and-mouth disease, African and classical
swine fever etc).
- Under Directive
72/462/EEC it is possible to
regionalise a country. This means that
depending on the animal health situation and
the guarantees offered by that country, only
a part of its territory may be authorised to
export to the EU.
2. Before a third country or part of it
is initially authorised to export pigs into the
the Commission's Food and Veterinary
carries out a mission
to verify that all the criteria
provided for in Directive 72/462/EC are
3. Based on the principles contained in
Directive 72/462/EEC and on the results of the
the third country may be added to the list
of third countries authorised for the export
as laid down in
. For a
third country wanting to export pigs to the EU
it must be listed in this Decision.
4. When a third country or part thereof
has been listed in Council Decision 79/452/EEC,
then it is approved in principle for export to
further steps are
needed before exports of live pigs can take
assessment of the specific disease
situation is carried out.
Special conditions may be required to
minimise potential disease risks. These
conditions will be laid down in specific
decisions and are reflected in the requirements
laid down in the veterinary animal health
certificate, which must accompany all porcine
animals entering the EU.
The animal health conditions and vet certification for imports of porcine animals for slaughter, breeding and production are in Regulation EU 206/2010 together with a list of authorised non-EU countries and a description of approved country regions where relevant.
Live animals entering the Community are
inspected at a Border Inspection Post
(BIP) (as listed in
December 2001) where Member States' official
veterinarians ensure they are healthy and
fulfil all the requirements provided for in the
European legislation. (
of 15 July
1991 lays down the principles governing the
organisation of veterinary checks on animals
entering the Community from third
6. It should be noted that in order to
import live porcine animals,
third countries must also comply with
certain public health requirements
. For example, a country is required to
have an approved '
Animals of a lower Community health status
cannot transit the Community.
A summary providing '
General guidance for third country
authorities on procedures to be followed when
importing live animals and animal products into
the EU' can be found [