Other live animals
"Other" live animals are animals not covered in other EU legislation on animal health.
- cats and dogs (for commercial imports);
- rabbits and hares;
- ferrets, mink, foxes;
- zoo animals, exotic ungulates, exotic birds.
Pet animals are not covered by this legislation.
Import of "other" animals
Certain animal health requirements apply to non-EU countries before they import 'other' animals to the EU, and specific ones for the import of some species.
For most 'other' species, fully harmonised EU animal health requirements exist.
EU countries may establish animal health certificates according to national rules for the import of some species, if harmonised rules do not exist yet.
There is specific legislation on the animal health conditions in animal health certificates that accompany the animal during export.
EU legislation on imports of "other animals"
- Regulation EU/206/2010 lists non-EU countries authorised to export certain animals and fresh meat to the EU, and the veterinary certification requirements.
- Directive 91/496/EEC - veterinary checks of animals entering the EU from non-EU countries.
- Directive 92/65/EEC - animal health requirements for trade in and imports to the EU of 'other' live animals.
Key points of Directive 92/65/EEC
- Harmonisation - the same import principles apply across the EU, preventing the entry of animals with infectious diseases.
- Animal health requirements before authorising imports;
- Organisation and competence of veterinary services;
- Health certificates that all animals must have;
- Conditions for certain infectious diseases.
Veterinary checks of imports
Live animals entering the EU are inspected at Border Inspection Posts.
Official veterinarians examine the animal and its documentation to ensure they satisfy EU requirements.
If an animal enters the EU with an EU national certificate, it is that country that organises the veterinary check.
Decision 2009/821/EC - border inspection posts, inspection rules for veterinary experts
Controls in non-EU countries exporting birds other than poultry to the EU prevent infected birds from entering the EU.
Regulation EC/318/2007 - import conditions for birds other than poultry.