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Common financial framework for the food chain (CFF)

The new animal and plant health programme 2014-2020, with its budget of over €1.89 billion, aims, for the first time, to provide a common financial framework to manage expenditure which will focus on EU funding priorities in the area of food and feed all along the food chain.

It will also underpin the animal, plant and control package of reforms, adopted by the Commission in May 2013, which simplifies the regulatory environment and thereby reduces the administrative burden for operators (animal keepers).

The financing programme modernises the existing financial provisions in order to improve the functioning of a number of sectoral instruments and programmes to be implemented in this area.

The programme aims to support and complement Member States' efforts to achieve the following objectives:

  1. More risk-based approach to animal health requirements;
  2. More effective controls/enforcement along the agri-food chain;
  3. Enhanced disease preparedness;
  4. Increased disease prevention for listed diseases;
  5. Reduce administrative burden and economic losses due to disease outbreaks;
  6. Defines the roles and responsibilities of operators, health professionals and veterinarians;
  7. Puts the primary responsibility for animal health on operators (animal keepers).

For 2015-2017, the Guidelines for the Union co-funded programmes of eradication, control and surveillance of animal diseases and zoonoses were prepared to provide the Member States with information on the legal basis, the budget line, the priorities, the objectives pursued, the expected results, a description of the activities to be funded, the eligibility and award criteria, an indicative timetable with an indicative amount of the grants awarded, the maximum possible rate of co-financing of the eligible costs and the eligible costs per disease.

Related documents

EU eradication, control and surveillance programmes are co-funded to support the implementation of measures that aim to eliminate animal diseases in the EU. They are part of the EU Animal Health Strategy which sets out EU objectives in the field of animal and public health.

Eligible diseases for EU co-funding

EU co-funding covers national expenditure for the control and monitoring of certain animal diseases and zoonoses (Annex I - Decision 2009/470/EC) e.g.:

  • Bovine tuberculosis
  • Bovine brucellosis
  • Ovine and caprine brucellosis (B. melitensis)
  • Bluetongue in endemic or high risk areas
  • African swine fever
  • Swine vesicular disease
  • Classical swine fever
  • Avian influenza
  • Rabies
  • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE)
  • Salmonellosis (zoonotic salmonella)

Financing decisions and approved programmes for 2015

  • Commission Implementing Decision 7437/2014 on the adoption of the financing decision for the year 2015 for the implementation of Union co-funded programmes for the eradication, control and surveillance of animal diseases and zoonoses
  • Outcome of the evaluation procedure of eradication, control and surveillance programmes submitted by Member States for Union financial contribution for 2015 and following years: final list of the programmes selected and final amount allocated to each programme (PAFF Committee of 13 January 2015)


Decision 2009/470/EC - expenditure in the veterinary field and procedures for co-funding eradication, control and monitoring programmes

By 30 April every year EU countries submit to the Commission the annual or multiannual programmes requesting an EU contribution for the following year

Decisions approving eradication programmes and reallocation

To view the approved programmes, please open the annual Decision, go to the heading of each disease and click on the Member State name in the list below. The direct link will open a pdf file containing the programme.

2014 - Decision 2013/722/EU

2013 - Decision 2012/761/EU, amended by Decision 2013/766/EU and by Decision 2013/403/EU

2012 and following years - Decision 2011/807/EU amended by Decision 2012/147/EU and by Decision 2012/785/EU

2011 and following years - Decision 2010/712/EU amended by Decision 2011/862/EU

2010 and following years - Decision 2009/883/EC amended by Decision 2010/732/EU

2009 and following years - Decision 2008/897/EC amended by Decision 2009/858/EC

Procedures for co-financing

EU countries' programmes should cover:

  • The epidemiological situation of the disease before the programme begins;
  • The geographical and administrative range where the programme will apply;
  • Duration, measures and objective. Programmes can be multiannual.
  • Estimated costs and benefits.

The Commission considers programmes from the veterinary and financial angle and checks compliance with EU criteria ( Decision 2008/341/EC)

Programme measures should be effective and achieve rapid eradication, control and monitoring of the diseases and zoonoses concerned.

Submission of eradication and control programmes

Standard requirements for applications are listed in the Annexes - Decision 2008/425/EC, amended by Decision 2012/282/EC

Standard format:

Annex 1

  • Bovine tuberculosis;
  • Bovine brucellosis;
  • Ovine and caprine brucellosis;
  • Bluetongue;
  • Classical swine fever;
  • African swine fever;
  • Swine vesicular disease;
  • Rabies

Annex 2

  • Salmonellosis

Annex 3

  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopaties (TSEs)

Annex 4

  • Avian Influenza


Every year, the Commission draws a list of the programmes that qualify for co-financing in a decision with the proposed amount for each. Diseases with public health and economic impacts receive the greatest weighting.


For each programme, EU countries submit:

  • Intermediate technical and financial reports;
  • By 30 April each year, an annual technical report assessing the results and expenditure of the previous year.

Reporting requirements - Decision 2008/940/EC

The Commission evaluates annually if its funds are used adequately. Final payments depend on the satisfactory evaluation of the programmes' implementation.

EU countries present the results of their programmes to the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH).

EU countries should update their actual and likely use of EU funds towards the end of the 1st semester. Those with eligible expenditure above the allowed amounts must justify the difference.

The Commission considers reallocating between programmes to ensure optimal use of the funds. It amends the annual financial decision in the reallocation Decision at the end of the year.

The reallocation Decision endorses modified programmes if for epidemiological reasons their scope has changed e.g. area for vaccination, targets for testing or more slaughter animals.

Task force

The task force on the eradication of animal diseases monitors disease eradication in EU countries to improve the cost-benefit ratio of eradication programmes co-funded by the EU. Members are EU countries and Commission representatives. It meets annually in Brussels, chaired by the Commission.

Report of the Plenary Task Force 2014
Report of the Plenary Task Force 2013
Report of the Plenary Task Force 2012
Report of the Plenary Task Force 2011
Report of the Plenary Task Force 2010


Subgroups give tailored technical assistance to EU countries for some diseases:

Bovine tuberculosis subgroup

Report - Ireland, March 2014

Report - Spain, October 2012

Report - The United Kingdom, March 2012

Report - Dublin, Ireland, November 2011

Report - Zagreb, Croatia, July 2011

Report - Brescia, Italy, June 2010

Report - Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal, April 2010

Working Document on Eradication of Bovine Tuberculosis in the EU accepted by the Bovine tuberculosis subgroup of the Task Force on monitoring animal disease eradication (SANCO/10067/2013)

Brucellosis subgroup (“Bovine” and “Sheep and Goats”)

Report - Vila Real, Portugal, 15-16 May 2014

Report - Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 14-15 May 2013

Working Document on Eradication of Bovine, Sheep and Goats Brucellosis in the EU accepted by the “Bovine” and “Sheep and Goats” Brucellosis subgroups of the Task Force on monitoring animal disease eradication (SANCO/6095/2009)

Report - Halkidiki, Greece, 14-15 June 2012

Report - Belfast, Northern Ireland, December 2011

Report - Santander, Spain, October 2010

Report - Valladolid, Spain, June 2009

Rabies subgroup

Report - Warsaw, Poland, December 2012

Report - Zagreb, Croatia, November 2012

Report - Plovdiv, Bulgaria, March 2011

Report - Kaliningrade, Russia, April 2011

Report - Tartu, Estonia, November 2010

Report - Vilnius, Lithuania, October 2009

Salmonella subgroup

Report - Sofia, Bulgaria, March 2013

Report - Tomar, Portugal, May - June 2012

Report - Nicosia, Cyprus, October 2011

Report - Brussels, Belgium, May 2010

Report - Warszaw, Poland, March 2009

Classical swine fever subgroup

Report - Bucharest, Romania, April 2013 - Annexes

Report - Belgrade, Serbia April 2011 - Agenda - Annexes

Report - Budapest, Hungary December 2010 - Annexes

Report - Bucharest, Romania, November 2009

Report - Hannover, Germany, April 2009

Members are EU countries representatives with an approved programme for the respective disease, other concerned EU countries, independent experts and the Commission.

Meetings are held in a country with an approved eradication programme and in areas with particular problems. This allows discussions with local vets and possible visits to farms, laboratories, vet services, etc.

Since 2010, the scope of subgroups extends to relevant non-EU countries given the trans-boundary nature of the disease e.g. classical swine fever in Serbia and rabies in Kaliningrade.

Indicators for the evaluation of the implementation of the programmes

The Commission with the support of the experts of the different task force subgroups have drafted this document listing some quantifiable and objective measurements (indicators) to evaluate the implementation and management of eradication, control or monitoring programmes, the effectiveness of the measures implemented and to measure progress or the deficiency in a specific area.

The indicators are disease specific and divided in two main categories:

  • Activities (AI): to verify if the measures planned in the approved programmes are implemented as foreseen
  • Progress (PI): to measure the progress towards achievement of the objectives of the programme (eradication/control/monitoring) in relation to the evolution of the disease in previous years.

Indicators for animal disease eradication, control and monitoring programmes

Principles and criteria on which is based the reaction of the Commission in cases of unsatisfactory implementation of programmes co-financed

The purpose of this document is to inform the Member States on the principles and criteria on which the Commission bases its reaction to the unsatisfactory implementation of Member State veterinary monitoring, control and eradication programmes co-financed under Article 27 of Council Decision 2009/470/EC.

The Commission has the duty of ensuring that the use of Union funds is in line with the principles of sound financial management laid down in the Financial Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 966/2012) which sets the rules applicable to the budget of the Union.

On the same line, every year the financial decision approving the co-financing of veterinary programmes, defines the conditions for the payment of the EU contribution (including efficient implementation, and compliance with relevant EU rules) and provides for a reduction by the Commission of the financial contribution by having regard to the nature and gravity of the infringement, and to the financial loss for the Union.


In the framework of article 41 of Council Decision Decision 2009/470/EC, a report from the Commission to the European Parliament and to the Council on the outcome of the EU co-financed programmes for the eradication, control and monitoring of animal diseases and zoonosis over the period of 2005-2011 (COM(2014) 115) has been adopted on 5th March.

The co-funding for the animal diseases eradication, control and monitoring programmes (hereinafter “veterinary programmes”) represents by far the largest amount of expenditure under the EU food safety budget. Over the period under evaluation, more than EUR 1,17 billion were spent by the EU -for co-funding the implementation of programmes targeting thirteen diseases. During these 7 years, all 27 Member States (MSs) (EU-25 until 31st December 2006) benefitted from EU contribution.

In spite of some areas of concern, the veterinary programmes continue to play a crucial role in the effective management of the targeted animal diseases, by ensuring disease surveillance and eradication, better targeting of the control of trans-boundary diseases of high EU relevance as well as prevention and rapid reaction to emerging and re-emerging animal diseases, which are a cornerstone of the EU Animal Health Strategy. This, in turn, offers clear net economic benefits to the relevant sectors of the EU economy and to the smooth functioning of the single market, as well as the protection of consumers and public health (in the case of zoonosis), which represent key public goods for EU society.

Taking into account future threats and challenges of the EU co-financed veterinary programmes, the analysis conducted allows a certain number of conclusions on future actions needed to improve the management of the programmes, notably: better prioritisation, reduction of costs for managing the programmes for both the Commission and the MSs, improvement of design, implementation and cost-effectiveness analysis of the EU co-financed veterinary programmes.

Click links to view the report and the technical details.

The summary report on the outcome of the EU co-financed animal disease eradication and monitoring programmes (PERIOD 2007-2011)

Comes to update the report for the period for 2005-2009.



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