Vesicular stomatitis (VS) is a
viral disease of domestic equine,
bovine and porcine animals. Wild hosts
are the white-tailed deer and numerous
species of small mammals in the
tropics. VS can be transmitted to
humans (minor zoonosis).
The disease is characterized by
excessive salivation, vesicles of
various sizes in the mouth and lesions
to the epithelial tissues of the mouth,
teats and feet.
The symptomatology is similar to
that of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD),
with which it can easily be confused
(but horses are resistant to FMD and
susceptible to VS.
The disease is caused by a virus
of the Rhabdoviridae family, genus
Transmission : contamination by
transcutaneous or transmucosal route or
transmission through arthropods
Occurrence : VS is limited to
no specific treatment.
Antibiotics may prevent secondary
infections of abraded tissues. Animal
movement should be restricted and a
laboratory diagnosis must be performed
rapidly. Trucks and fomites should be
foot-and-mouth disease is very
VS is an
List A disease.
For more details,
click on the
technical card on VS.
Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992
introducing general Community measures for the
control of certain animal diseases and specific
measures relating to swine vesicular disease.
is a notifiable disease, according to
Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December
1982 on the notification of animal diseases
within the Community.
ADNS for a
description of the notification system and the
latest health situation table.