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Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation - Links

Description

Rinderpest is a highly fatal viral disease of domestic and wild cattle, sheep and goats and Asian pigs, characterized by fever, mucous membrane congestion and later gastrointestinal signs.
The virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family, genus Morbillivirus.

Occurrence: mainly in the Middle East and in southwestern and central Asia.The virus has never become established in either the Americas or Australia/New Zealand.
Transmission by direct or close indirect contact.
No treatment is available.
Vaccination: cell-culture attenuated virus vaccines are highly effective. The commonly used vaccine is an attenuated strain of rinderpest virus.Immunity lasts at least 5 years and is probably life-long. Annual revaccination is recommended in order to obtain a high percentage of immunised animals in an area.

Rinderpest is an OIE List A disease.

For more details, click on the OIE technical card.

Control measures

Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease. pdf

Notification and Health Situation

Rinderpest is a notifiable disease, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.

Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.

Links

FAO-global Rinderpest eradication programme .

 
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