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Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation

Description

Rift Valley fever is a viral disease of cattle, sheep, goats, dromedaries, several rodents and wild ruminants. It is characterized by fever, weakness, diarrhoea and vomiting, nasal discharge, abortions and a high mortality rate among the new born animals.
Humans are very susceptible (major zoonosis).

Transmission : via mosquitoes as vectors or reservoir hosts. Direct contamination occurs in humans when handling infected animals and meat.
Occurrence : exclusively in African countries, with an underlying association with high rainfall and dense populations of vector mosquitoes.
There is no specific treatment. A symptomatic treatment is applied in severe human cases.
Vaccination : with an attenuated virus vaccine or an inactivated virus vaccine.

RVF is a List A disease, according to the OIE Classification of Diseases.

For more details, click on the OIE technical card on RVF.

Control measures

Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease. pdf

Notification and Health Situation

Rift Valley fever is a notifiable disease, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.

Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.

 
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