Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation
Rift Valley fever is a viral disease of cattle, sheep, goats, dromedaries, several rodents and wild ruminants. It is characterized by fever, weakness, diarrhoea and vomiting, nasal discharge, abortions and a high mortality rate among the new born animals.
Humans are very susceptible (major zoonosis).
Transmission : via mosquitoes as vectors or reservoir hosts. Direct contamination occurs in humans when handling infected animals and meat.
Occurrence : exclusively in African countries, with an underlying association with high rainfall and dense populations of vector mosquitoes.
There is no specific treatment. A symptomatic treatment is applied in severe human cases.
Vaccination : with an attenuated virus vaccine or an inactivated virus vaccine.
RVF is a List A disease, according to the OIE Classification of Diseases.
For more details, click on the OIE technical card on RVF.
Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease.
Rift Valley fever is a notifiable disease, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.
Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.