The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the international standard setting body for animal health, has drawn up a list of epidemic animal diseases of major economic importance (OIE Listed diseases).
Council Directive 92/119/EEC applies to all those diseases with the exception of those for which specific provision has already been made at Community level.
Its aim is to lay down general measures to prevent the further spread of certain animal diseases of major economic importance and in particular to control the movements of animals and products liable to spread the infection.
The diseases covered are :
Teschen Disease and Bluetongue were originally also covered by the Directive.
Teschen disease was then excluded from the OIE disease list, and Community legislation was therefore amended, see Directive 2002/60/EC , Art.1.
For Bluetongue, the Council has laid down specific control and eradication provisions in Directive 2000/75/EC
The control measures include, among others :
- Official veterinary investigation
- Placing under official surveillance of the holding
- Killing of susceptible animals to prevent the disease to spread further
- Destruction/treatment of contaminated waste and substances
- Cleaning and disinfection
- Epizootical enquiry
- Crisis unit
- Placing under official surveillance of other holdings
- Establishment of a protection zone and of a surveillance zone