Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation
Lumpy skin disease is an infectious viral disease of cattle ( Bos taurus, zebus, domestic buffaloes), characterized by fever, painful nodules affecting the whole skin, the subcutaneous tissue and sometimes the musculature, by swellings, by inflammation of superficial lymph nodes and by lameness.
This disease is caused by a virus of the Poxviridae family, genus Capripoxvirus.
Transmission : may occur via infected saliva or through insect vectors.
Occurrence : mainly in sub-Saharan Africa.
Treatment : no specific treatment. Strong antibiotic therapy may avoid secondary infection.
Vaccination : with homologous or heterologous attenuated virus vaccines.
Lumpy skin disease is an OIE List A disease.
For more details, click on the OIE technical card on Lumpy skin disease.
Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease.
Lumpy skin disease is a notifiable disease, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.
Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.