Outbreaks in January - April
On Wednesday, 5 January 2011 the Bulgarian authorities have informed of the confirmation of a case of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in one of 3 wild boars shot on 30 December 2010 in the area of Makevtci, on the land of Kosti village, municipality of Malko Tarnovo, Burgas region, around 2 km from the border with Turkey.
Bulgaria has implemented the measures provided for in Council Directive 2003/85/EC of 29 September 2003 on Community measures for the control of foot-and-mouth disease. This measures provided in the Directive include epidemiological investigation, suspension of hunting and a ban in feeding wild animals, placing under official surveillance holdings keeping animals of susceptible species, inspection by an official veterinarian of all wild animals shot or found dead, surveillance programmes and prevention measures applicable to the holdings keeping animals of susceptible species and if necessary, in its surroundings, including the transport and movement of animals of susceptible species within, from and to the area, etc.
The Bulgarian authorities established a protection zone of 3 km and a surveillance zone of 10 km radius around Kosti and launched a sero-epidemiological surveillance programme within the surveillance zone and in all villages and settlements in the municipalities of Sredets, Malko Tarnovo and Tsarevo.
As a result of the sero-epidemiological investigations, the Bulgarian authorities on 9 January 2011 have detected antibody positive cases also in domestic animals and declared an outbreak in Kosti village, Tsarevo municipality. According to EU legislation the animals of susceptible species on the outbreak holdings have been culled and buried.
On 15 January 2011, mouth and feet lesions were found in cattle in Resovo village, Tsarevo municipality, located 22 km south-east of Kosti village, and the presence of FMD was subsequently confirmed by laboratory testing carried out on samples taken in that village.
Furthermore, on samples taken one incubation period of 21 days after the first sampling from FMD susceptible animals in the surveillance zone around Kosti, FMD was confirmed on 31 January 2011 in Gramatikovo village, Malko Tarnovo municipality, in previously antibody negative animals.
On 19 March 2011, Bulgaria reported a further outbreak (outbreak 4) in the west part of Strandja Mountain (3 km from the closest village – Kirovo) in the municipality of Sredets, in a herd of 143 beef cattle on fenced grass a larger number of animals displayed 4 - 5 days old lesions, reacted positive in an agent identification test (PCR) and negative in a test for the detection of antibodies.
On 23 March 2011, in the framework of routine clinical examinations, clinical signs of FMD were observed in a bovine herd in one of the villages in the 10 km surveillance zone – Granichar, at a distance of 6 km from outbreak 4 in Sredets municipality. On 24 March 2011 the National Reference Laboratory in Sofia confirmed the diagnosis (outbreak 5).
On 25 March 2011, the Bulgarian authorities informed the Commission about the confirmation of further FMD outbreaks in domestic animals in Sredets municipality on
- a cattle holding located nearby Goliamo Bukowo village (outbreak 6) ;
- a cattle and pigs holding located nearby Fakira village (outbreak 7);
- a cattle holding nearby Momina Tsarkva village (outbreak 8).
On 3 April 2011, Bulgaria reported new outbreaks (located within 10 km surveillance zone around outbreak 5) in Malko Tarnovo municipality on:
- 8 backyard holdings in Bliznak village (outbreak 9);
- a holding located 2 km apart from Bliznak village (outbreak 10);
Moreover, on 7 April 2011 further outbreak (outbreak 11) was reported by the Bulgarian authorities in domestic animals in Dolno Yabalkovo village, Sredets municipality, Burgas region (located in 3 km protection zone around outbreak 4).
All susceptible animals within 3 km of the infected premises were culled and those in the 3 to 10 km circle have been tested.
The Commission adopted on Thursday 6 January 2011 at 19:00hrs Commission Decision 2011/8/EU of 6 January 2011 concerning interim protection measures against foot-and-mouth disease in Bulgaria
Following unanimous support from all the Member States at the meeting of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH) on 12 January 2011, the Commission adopted on Wednesday 19 January 2011 at 11:00hrs Commission Decision 2011/44/EU of 19 January 2011 concerning protection measures against foot-and-mouth disease in Bulgaria which repeals and replaces Commission Decision 2011/8/EU. The decision will remain in force until March 31.
Due to the outbreak on 19 March 2011 in the municipality of Sredets, Burgas region the Commission with the support of the Member States amended Decision 2011/44/EU by Commission Implementing Decision 2011/198/EU of 30 March 2011 amending Decision 2011/44/EU concerning certain protection measures against foot-and-mouth disease in Bulgaria which extends its date of application until 30 June 2011.
As no new outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease have been reported in Bulgaria since 7 April 2011 and surveillance carried out in the areas listed in Annex I and Annex II to Decision 2011/44/EU has not revealed foot-and-mouth disease infection in domestic animals of species susceptible to foot-and-mouth the Commission with the support of the Member States amended Decision 2011/44/EU by Commission Implementing Decision 2011/388/EU of 29 June 2011 amending Decision 2011/44/EU concerning certain protection measures against foot-and-mouth disease in Bulgaria. This Decision reduces the size of the high-risk area to the municipalities of Malko Tarnovo and Tsarevo and part of Sredets, includes in the low-risk area the three surrounding municipalities of the Burgas region (Sozopol, Primorsko and part of Sredets) and in the region of Yambol (part of the municipality of Straldzha and the municipality of Bolyarovo), and extends the date of application of Decision 2011/44/EU until 30 September 2011.
The Commission will further review Decision 2011/44/EU, including during SCoFCAH meetings, in the light of evolution of the disease situation.
In accordance with Article 85(4) of Directive 2003/85/EC, Bulgaria submitted to the Commission for approval a plan for the control of foot-and-mouth disease in wildlife in Bulgaria. After being examined by the Commission and found to comply with Part B Annex XVIII to Directive 2003/85/EC, with the support of the Member States, the plan was approved by Commission Implementing Decision 2011/493/EU of 5 August 2011 approving the plan for the eradication of foot-and-mouth disease in wild animals in Bulgaria (only the Bulgarian text is authentic). The plan covers parts of the regions of Burgas, Yambol and Haskovo (bordering Turkish Thrace) and describes the measures taken to eradicate the disease in the area defined as infected and the measures applied on the holdings in that area.
A chronology of the main events and actions taken by the Commission has been prepared and is updated on a regular basis.
On the Commission's webpage on FMD more information can be found on the disease and the legislation relating to FMD
7 January 2011 - IP/11/15: Foot and Mouth Disease: Commission adopts urgent protection measures after case in wild boar in Bulgaria
29 June 2011 - MEX/11/0629: Foot and Mouth Disease: Commission reduces area covered by measures in Bulgaria