Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation
Sheep and goat pox are serious and very contagious viral diseases characterized by fever, nasal secretions and widespread skin eruption.
The poxviruses of sheep and goats (capripoxviruses) are closely related. They are also related to the virus of lumpy skin disease. The virus remains viable in wool for 2 months and in premises for as long as 6 months.
Occurrence : Sheep and goat pox are endemic in most of Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
Transmission : occurs through direct contact with infected animals or indirectly by contaminated implements, vehicles or products (litter,fodder), by insects (mechanical vectors). Contamination can also be airborne.
There is no treatment available.
Vaccination : there are numerous attenuated virus vaccines. The conferred immunity lasts up to 2 years.
Sheep pox and goat pox are OIE List A diseases.
For more details, click on the OIE technical card.
Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease.
Sheep and goat pox are notifiable diseases, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.
Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.