health situation -
swine fever appears among
pigs, warthogs, bush pigs, European
wild boar and
American wild pigs.
Transmission is made through
direct contact between sick and healthy
animals; indirect transmission happens
through feeding with garbage containing
infected meat, through fomites
(premises, vehicles, implements,
clothes) or through biologic vectors
The sources of virus are blood,
tissues, secretions and excretions of
sick and dead animals, carrier animals
(especially African wild swine and
domestic pigs in enzootic areas) and
Prevention in free countries can
be done through import controls,
disposal of waste food from
aircraft/ships coming from infected
In infected areas, control is
done through slaughtering of all pigs
and destruction of cadavers and litter,
cleaning and disinfection, designation
of infected zone and control of pig
movement, as well as epidemiological
investigation (tracing of sources and
possible spread of infection).
African swine fever is a OIE listed disease.
This means it is a transmissible
disease that has the potential for very
serious and rapid spread, irrespective
of national borders, is of serious
socio-economic or public health
consequence and is of major importance
in the international trade of animals
and animal products.
For more details,
click on the
technical card on African swine fever.
Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying
down specific provisions for the control of
African swine fever and amending Directive
92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and
African swine fever.
Decision 2005/363/EC of 2 May 2005
concerning animal health protection measures
against African swine fever in Sardinia, Italy.
African swine fever
is a notifiable disease, according to
Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December
1982 on the notification of animal diseases
within the Community.
ADNS for a
description of the notification system and the
latest health situation table.
Decision 2003/422/EC approves a diagnostic
manual for African swine fever.
Reference Laboratory for ASF is :
Centro de Investigación en Sanidad
Ctra De Algete a El Casar,
- OIE web site
- FAO web site