Description - Control measures - Notification and health situation - Diagnostic manual - CRL - Links - Press releases
The African swine fever appears among pigs, warthogs, bush pigs, European wild boar and American wild pigs.
Transmission is made through direct contact between sick and healthy animals; indirect transmission happens through feeding with garbage containing infected meat, through fomites (premises, vehicles, implements, clothes) or through biologic vectors (soft ticks).
The sources of virus are blood, tissues, secretions and excretions of sick and dead animals, carrier animals (especially African wild swine and domestic pigs in enzootic areas) and soft ticks.
Prevention in free countries can be done through import controls, disposal of waste food from aircraft/ships coming from infected countries.
In infected areas, control is done through slaughtering of all pigs and destruction of cadavers and litter, cleaning and disinfection, designation of infected zone and control of pig movement, as well as epidemiological investigation (tracing of sources and possible spread of infection).
African swine fever is a OIE listed disease.
This means it is a transmissible disease that has the potential for very serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders, is of serious socio-economic or public health consequence and is of major importance in the international trade of animals and animal products.
For more details, click on the OIE technical card on African swine fever.
- Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever.
- Commission Decision 2005/363/EC of 2 May 2005 concerning animal health protection measures against African swine fever in Sardinia, Italy. Updated 08-06-2005
- Document SANCO/7138/2013 contains Guidelines on surveillance and control of African swine fever (ASF) in feral pigs and preventive measures for pig holdings. The aim of this document is to provide guidance to the Member States in controlling ASF when the disease is suspected or confirmed in feral pigs.
The guidelines are based on:
- the provisions of Council Directive 2002/60/EC, and in particular of Articles 15 and 16;
- Chapter IV(H) of the Annex to Commission Decision 2003/422/EC;
- the EFSA Scientific Opinion of the Panel on AHAW on the control and eradication of Classic Swine Fever in wild boar;
- the EFSA Scientific Opinion of the Panel on AHAW on African swine fever.
African swine fever is a notifiable disease, according to Council Directive 82/894/EEC EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community.
Click on ADNS for a description of the notification system and the latest health situation table.
Commission Decision 2003/422/EC approves a diagnostic manual for African swine fever.
The Community Reference Laboratory for ASF is :
Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal,
Ctra De Algete a El Casar,
- OIE web site
- FAO web site
- Click here