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Importation And Trade Of 'Other' Products Of Animal Origin

Other products of animal origin, in this case, are defined as all those products for human consumption where harmonised Community rules for importation and trade that have not been laid down elsewhere. They include eggs, honey and royal jelly, snails, frogs' legs, blood and blood products, bone, animal casing, lard and rendered fat, gelatine.

NOTE: The information here relates only to products imported or traded for human consumption. See the rules on animal by-products for information on import and trade of the aforementioned products not intended for human consumption

The following rules must be respected before other products of animal origin can be traded or imported into the EU:

1. The rules governing both imports and intra-community trade of other products of animal origin for human consumption are laid down in Council Directive 92/118/EEC PDF. This Directive, which has been amended several times, harmonises the rules and establishes the animal and public health rules for the import and trade in the Community for animal products where specific Community rules have not been laid down elsewhere 1.

For imports, in addition to fulfilling the basic requirements within the Directive, the most important aspects are:

Council Directive 2002/99/EC PDF now forms the legal basis for all animal health rules governing the production processing; distribution and introduction of products of animal origin for human consumption and supersedes Council Directive 92/118/EEC . However Member States do not need to implement this until 1 January 2005 and hence Council Directive 92/118/EEC may continue to apply until that date.

For intra-Community trade, in addition to fulfilling the basic requirements within the Directive, the most important aspects are:

2. Animal products covered by the Directive 92/118/EEC that are imported into the EU must be inspected at a Border Inspection Post (BIP) (as listed in Commission Decision 2009/821/EC PDF of 28 September 2009) where Member States' official veterinarians ensure that they fulfil all the requirements provided for entry into the EU. ( Council Directive 97/78/EC PDF of 18 December 1997 lays down the principles governing the organisation of veterinary checks on products of animals origin entering the Community from third countries).

For intra-Community trade, the veterinary checks as laid down in Council Directive 89/662/EEC PDF apply.

3. As is the case for fresh meat, third countries must also comply with certain public health requirements in order to export certain products covered by Directive 92/118/EEC. For example, a country is required to have an approved ‘residue’ monitoring plan and be listed on Commission Decision 2004/432/EC of 29 April 2004 on the approval of residue monitoring plans submitted by third countries in accordance with Council Directive 96/23/EC, and implement certain conditions in relation to BSE (for products containing bovine and ovine meat). Details of the general public health requirements can be found [HERE] and additional information on residues [HERE].

4. A summary providing 'General guidance for third country authorities on procedures to be followed when importing live animals and animal products into the EU' can be found [HERE PDF].


1 In addition to the products listed above, the underlying rules governing the import of farmed game meat and rabbit meat are also laid down in Council Directive 92/118/EEC. Details can be found at pages relating to the import of game meat.
2 Third country lists authorising the import of farmed game meat and rabbit meat are also laid down in Commission Decision 94/278/EC (and Commission Decision 2003/812/EC).

Last Update: 09-06-2010