Fisheries

INSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable Fish

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How was sea bass managed in the EU until now? What does the common approach consist of? What will be proposed under the third part of this package? Sea bass landings are increasing from year to year, what will the Commission do to tackle this? Why are recreational anglers covered by the measures, when the commercial sector catches the lion share of sea bass? What about the longer term? What happens in January 2016, during the next spawning season of sea bass? What is the potential economic impact of a further decline of seabass?
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Today the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament has voted on the multiannual Baltic Plan, a management plan adopted by the European Commission in 2014 which establishes targets and conservation reference points for stocks and promotes regionalised decision making for fisheries in the Baltic.

Herring (Clupea harengus)

Herring © Scandinavian Fishing Year Book
The Atlantic herring is an oily fish found in the open sea throughout the North Atlantic. They congregate in large shoals called schools which can contain hundreds of thousands of fish – or more. Schools as large as four cubic kilometres have been observed. The species is further divided by scientists into numerous sub-species.

Herring can live up to 12 years, and reach 40 cm in length and almost 700g in weight. They are sexually mature at 3 or 4 years old, by which time they measure around 25 cm. Baltic herring tend to be smaller at maturity, around 14-18cm.

Herring are mainly caught by pelagic trawlers and purse seiners. The main stocks fished in EU waters are those in

  • the Baltic,
  • the North Sea, and
  • West of Scotland.

The North Sea herring stock suffered a major collapse in the early 1970s, due to overfishing, which led to the fishery being completely closed from 1977 to 1980. A further decline in the 1990s led to recovery measures being implemented which have been largely successful.

Long-term plans

  • West of Scotland herring is covered by an EU long-term plan.
  • Long-term management arrangements are also in place for the Atlanto-Scandian herring stock which is managed jointly with Norway.