Sajd

INSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable Fish

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The European Union and the Republic of Liberia signed a new Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement as well as an associated Protocol which will reinforce cooperation between the two parties, especially in their fight against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and help the development of the fishing sector of Liberia. The new Partnership Agreement is expected to contribute to Liberia's recovery after the Ebola crisis and is a sign of the EU's confidence in Liberia's economy.
The main Bluefin Tuna fishing season runs from 26 May to 24 June; this is when large vessels, purse seiners, are allowed to fish for Bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean and the Eastern Atlantic.
The Bluefin tuna fishery is regulated by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) to which the EU is a contracting party.

Ftehimiet multilaterali

Il-liġi tal-baħar u l-liġi internazzjonali tas-sajd

Il-liġi li tapplika għall-ibħra internazzjonali hi msejjsa fuq il-Konvenzjoni tan-Nazzjonijiet Uniti dwar il-Liġi tal-Baħar (UNCLOS), li daħlet fis-seħħ fl-1994. Element importanti tal-UNCLOS kien l-impenn mill-pajjiżi firmatarji kollha li jippromwovu s-sajd sostenibbli.

Mill-adozzjoni tal-UNCLOS, ġew żviluppati numru ta' ftehimiet li jittrattaw speċifikament kif jista' jkun hemm sajd sostenibbli fl-ibħra internazzjonali. Wieħed minnhom hu l-Ftehim dwar l-istokkijiet transżonali u b'tendenza kbira li jpassu (1995).

Is-sistema tan-NU għandha wkoll rwol fil-ġlieda kontra l-prassi tas-sajd qerrieda, li tagħmel ħsara lill-ħabitats fraġli, partikolarment l-għoljiet f'qiegħ il-baħar u l-koralli tal-ilma kiesaħ.

Taħt l-Organizzazzjoni tal-Ikel u l-Agrikoltura (FAO), ġew adottati dawn il-ftehimiet:

Fl-2007, l-Assemblea Ġenerali tan-NU adottat ir-riżoluzzjoni 61/105 dwar is-sajd sostenibbli.

L-UE daħlet ukoll f'organizzazzjonijiet internazzjonali u konvenzjonijiet relatati mas-sajd. Fosthom hemm l-impenn meħud fis-Samit Dinji dwar l-Iżvilupp Sostenibbli fl-2002 biex il-livell tas-sajd jonqos għal-livell li jagħti l-ogħla rendiment fit-tul (ir-rendiment massimu sostenibbli) sal-2015 u biex jintuża metodu msejjes fuq l-ekosistema fil-ġestjoni tas-sajd. L-UE hi parti mill-Konvenzjoni dwar id-Diversità Bijoloġika u l-Konvenzjoni dwar il-Kummerċ Internazzjonali fi Speċijiet Ipperikolati ta' Fawna u Flora Selvaġġi (CITES).

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