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Fisheries

INSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable Fish

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The European Union and the Republic of Liberia signed a new Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement as well as an associated Protocol which will reinforce cooperation between the two parties, especially in their fight against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and help the development of the fishing sector of Liberia. The new Partnership Agreement is expected to contribute to Liberia's recovery after the Ebola crisis and is a sign of the EU's confidence in Liberia's economy.
The main Bluefin Tuna fishing season runs from 26 May to 24 June; this is when large vessels, purse seiners, are allowed to fish for Bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean and the Eastern Atlantic.
The Bluefin tuna fishery is regulated by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) to which the EU is a contracting party.

Multilateral agreements

The law of the sea and international fisheries law

The law which applies to the high seas is founded on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which entered into force in 1994. An important element of UNCLOS was the undertaking by all signatory countries to promote sustainable fishing.

Since the adoption of UNCLOS, a number of agreements have been developed to deal specifically with how to bring about sustainable fishing on the high seas. One of them is the Agreement on straddling stocks and highly migratory fish stocks (1995).

The UN system also has a key role to play in combating destructive fishing practices, which damage fragile habitats, in particular seamounts and cold-water corals.

Under the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the following agreements have been adopted:

In 2007, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 61/105 on sustainable fisheries.

The EU has also entered other international agreements and conventions that have a bearing on fisheries. Among them is the commitment made at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 to reduce fishing to the level which gives the highest yield in the long run (maximum sustainable yield) by 2015 and to use an ecosystem approach in fisheries management. The EU is party to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

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