On 9 December 2015, the European Union and the Republic of Liberia signed a new, 5-year Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFPA) and associated protocol setting out the fishing opportunities for EU vessels, the financial compensation to be paid by the Union and the modalities of sectoral support to the fishing sector of Liberia.
The agreement and protocol mark the beginning of a new partnership given that there has never been a SFPA between the Union and Liberia. The new SFPA also further expands the Union's network of tuna fisheries agreements in West Africa.
The new protocol offers opportunities to 28 purse seiners and 6 surface long-line vessels to fish for tuna and tuna-like species in the waters under the jurisdiction of Liberia, based on a reference tonnage of 6 500 tonnes. In return, the EU will pay Liberia an average annual compensation of € 650 000, out of which 50% is earmarked to support the fisheries policy of Liberia including to reinforce its fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance capacity.
The member states with an interest in the new agreement and protocol are mainly Spain and France.
The agreement and protocol have been applied provisionally since 9 December 2015. They will enter into force when the necessary procedures for their conclusion have been completed, including the consent of the European Parliament.
Main issues of the SFPA
|Duration of the agreement:||5 years (renewable): 9.12.2015 – 8.12.2020|
|Duration of the protocol:||5 years: 9.12.2015 – 8.12.2020|
|Nature of the FPA:||Tuna Fishery Agreement|
|Financial contribution:||1st year: 715 000 € out of which 357 500 € to support the fisheries sector of Liberia
2nd, 3rd and 4th years: 650 000 € out of which 325 000 € to support the fisheries sector of Liberia.
5th year: 585 000 € out of which € 292 500 to support the fisheries sector of Liberia.
|Fee for ship owners:||1st year: 55 € per tonne caught
2nd and 3rd years: 60 € per tonne caught
4th year: 65 € per tonne caught
5th year: 70 € per tonne caught
|Advances:||- Tuna seiners: 7 150 € per year (ref catches: 1st year 130t; 2nd and 3rd years 119,17 t; 4th year 110t; 5th year 102,14t)
- Surface long-liners: 2 200 € per year (ref catches: 1st year 40t; 2nd and 3rd years 36,67; 4th year 33,85t; 5th year 31,43t)
|Reference tonnage:||6 500 t. /year|
|Tuna seiners||16||12||28 vessels|
|Surface long-liners||6||-||6 vessels|
Current legal framework
The agreement and protocol were adopted by Council Decision (EU) 2015/2312 of 30.11.2015 (OJ L 328 of 12.12.2015). The texts of the agreement and protocol were published in same OJ.
The allocation of fishing opportunities was adopted by Council Regulation (EU) 2015/2313 of 30.11.2015 (OJ L328 of 12.12.2015).