TACs and quotas
Total allowable catches (TACs) or fishing opportunities, are catch limits (expressed in tonnes or numbers) that are set for most commercial fish stocks. The Commission prepares the proposals, based on scientific advice on the stock status from advisory bodies such as ICES and STECF. Some multi-annual plans contain rules for the setting of the TACs. TACs are set annually for most stocks (every two years for deep-sea stocks) by the Council of fisheries ministers. For stocks that are shared and jointly managed with non-EU countries, the TACs are agreed with those (groups of) non-EU countries.
TACs are shared between EU countries in the form of national quotas. For each stock a different allocation percentage per EU country is applied for the sharing out of the quotas. This fixed percentage is known as the relative stability key. EU countries can exchange quotas with other EU countries.
EU countries have to use transparent and objective criteria when they distribute the national quota among their fishermen. They are responsible for ensuring that the quotas are not overfished. When all the available quota of a species is fished, the EU country has to close the fishery.
In the Mediterranean sea basin most fisheries are managed by input controls only.
- TAC and quotas 2014 [869 KB]
- TAC and quotas 2013 [836 KB]
- TAC and quotas 2012 [956 KB]
- TAC and quotas 2011 [2 MB]
- Fishing areas in the EU [333 KB]
- Fishing areas in the Baltic Sea [1009 KB]
Links to other languages (translations available a few days after the English version)
Communication on fishing opportunites for 2015
TACs and Quotas 2014
Council Regulation (EU) No 43/2014 of 20 January 2014 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, to Union vessels, in certain non-Union waters
Council Regulation (EU) No 24/2014 of 10 January 2014 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks in the Black Sea
Council Regulation (EU) No 1180/2013 of 19 November 2013 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea
Council Regulation (EU) No 713/2013 of 23 July 2013 establishing the fishing opportunities for anchovy in the Bay of Biscay for the 2013/14 fishing season
Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION establishing the fishing opportunities for anchovy in the Bay of Biscay for the 2014/15 fishing season - COM (2014) 454 final [55 KB]
Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel - COM (2012) 413 final