Fisheries

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The Commission welcomes the agreements on blue whiting and Atlanto-Scandian herring in the North-East Atlantic for 2014, which were reached on 28 March by the Coastal States.
Speech by Maria Damanaki, European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, at the Conference on Fishing Capacity, Thessaloniki, Greece

TACs and quotas

Managing fish stocks

Total allowable catches (TACs) or fishing opportunities, are catch limits (expressed in tonnes or numbers) that are set for most commercial fish stocks. The Commission prepares the proposals, based on scientific advice on the stock status from advisory bodies such as ICES and STECF. Some multi-annual plans contain rules for the setting of the TACs. TACs are set annually for most stocks (every two years for deep-sea stocks) by the Council of fisheries ministers. For stocks that are shared and jointly managed with non-EU countries, the TACs are agreed with those (groups of) non-EU countries.

TACs are shared between EU countries in the form of national quotas.  For each stock a different allocation percentage per EU country is applied for the sharing out of the quotas.  This fixed percentage is known as the relative stability key. EU countries can exchange quotas with other EU countries.

EU countries have to use transparent and objective criteria when they distribute the national quota among their fishermen.  They are responsible for ensuring that the quotas are not overfished.  When all the available quota of a species is fished, the EU country has to close the fishery.

In the Mediterranean sea basin most fisheries are managed by input controls only.

Further reading

  • TAC and quotas 2013 pdf - 836 KB [836 KB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • TAC and quotas 2012 pdf - 956 KB [956 KB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • TAC and quotas 2011 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • Fishing areas in the EU  pdf - 333 KB [333 KB] български (bg) čeština (cs) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) Gaeilge (ga) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) magyar (hu) Malti (mt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) slovenčina (sk) slovenščina (sl) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • Fishing areas in the Baltic Sea pdf - 1009 KB [1009 KB]

Official documents

Links to other languages (translations available a few days after the English version)

TACs and Quotas 2014

Council Regulation (EU) No 43/2014 of 20 January 2014 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, to Union vessels, in certain non-Union waters

Council Regulation (EU) No 24/2014 of 10 January 2014 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks in the Black Sea

Council Regulation (EU) No 1180/2013 of 19 November 2013 fixing for 2014 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea

Council Regulation (EU) No 713/2013 of 23 July 2013 establishing the fishing opportunities for anchovy in the Bay of Biscay for the 2013/14 fishing season

Communication on fishing opportunites for 2014

Communication from the Commission to the Council concerning a consultation on Fishing Opportunities for 2014 -  COM/2013/319 final

TACs and Quotas 2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1261/2012 of 20 December 2012 fixing for 2013 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Black Sea

Council Regulation (EU) No 1262/2012 of 20 December 2012 fixing for 2013 and 2014 the fishing opportunities for EU vessels for certain deep-sea fish stocks

Council Regulation (EU) No 1088/2012 of 20 November 2012 fixing for 2013 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea

Council Regulation (EU) No 694/2012 of 27 July 2012 establishing the fishing opportunities for anchovy in the Bay of Biscay for the 2012/13 fishing season

Proposal for a Council Regulation fixing for 2013 the fishing opportunities available in EU waters and, to EU vessels, in certain non-EU waters for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks which are subject to international negotiations or agreements - COM/2012/668

Proposal for a Council Regulation fixing for 2013 the fishing opportunities available to EU vessels for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks which are not subject to international negotiations or agreements - COM/2012/608

Proposals

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel - COM (2012) 413 final

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