Fisheries

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The EU has today taken another step to protect sea bass stocks in Europe. The 28 EU member states agreed to the Commission's proposal to increase the minimum size for northern sea bass from 36 to 42 cm.
The Bluefin Tuna purse seine fishing season, lasting from 26 May to 24 June 2015, has finished with no major issues that may indicate systemic overfishing or illegal fishing activities of Bluefin Tuna by EU vessels. It was the first time in almost a decade that the EU fishermen benefited from an increased quota as BFT fishery has recovered significantly. Although scientists still need to assess the state of the stocks later this year, it is clear that the successful implementation of stricter control measures by the EU to fight IUU and overfishing has played a significant role in the recovery of the stock.
The European Commission has adopted a proposal for a regulation, upgrading the EU framework for the collection, management and use of data for fisheries.

TACs and quotas

Managing fish stocks

Total allowable catches (TACs) or fishing opportunities, are catch limits (expressed in tonnes or numbers) that are set for most commercial fish stocks. The Commission prepares the proposals, based on scientific advice on the stock status from advisory bodies such as ICES and STECF. Some multi-annual plans contain rules for the setting of the TACs. TACs are set annually for most stocks (every two years for deep-sea stocks) by the Council of fisheries ministers. For stocks that are shared and jointly managed with non-EU countries, the TACs are agreed with those (groups of) non-EU countries.

TACs are shared between EU countries in the form of national quotas.  For each stock a different allocation percentage per EU country is applied for the sharing out of the quotas.  This fixed percentage is known as the relative stability key. EU countries can exchange quotas with other EU countries.

EU countries have to use transparent and objective criteria when they distribute the national quota among their fishermen.  They are responsible for ensuring that the quotas are not overfished.  When all the available quota of a species is fished, the EU country has to close the fishery.

In the Mediterranean sea basin most fisheries are managed by input controls only.

Further reading

  • TAC and quotas 2015 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] български (bg) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro)
  • TAC and quotas 2014 pdf - 869 KB [869 KB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • TAC and quotas 2013 pdf - 836 KB [836 KB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • TAC and quotas 2012 pdf - 956 KB [956 KB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • TAC and quotas 2011 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] български (bg) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)
  • Fishing areas in the EU  pdf - 333 KB [333 KB] Deutsch (de) français (fr)
  • Fishing areas in the Baltic Sea pdf - 1009 KB [1009 KB]

Official documents

Links to other languages (translations available a few days after the English version)

TACs and Quotas 2016

Consultation on the fishing opportunities for 2016 under the Common Fisheries Policy pdf - 265 KB [265 KB] български (bg) čeština (cs) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) magyar (hu) Malti (mt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) slovenčina (sk) slovenščina (sl) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)  - Annex pdf - 555 KB [555 KB] български (bg) čeština (cs) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) magyar (hu) Malti (mt) Nederlands (nl) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) slovenčina (sk) slovenščina (sl) suomi (fi) svenska (sv)

TACs and Quotas 2015

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/960 of 19 June 2015 amending Regulation (EU) 2015/104 as regards certain fishing opportunities (measures concerning inter alia sea bass)

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/523 of 25 March 2015 amending Regulations (EU) No 43/2014 and (EU) 2015/104 as regards certain fishing opportunities     

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/104 of 19 January 2015 fixing for 2015 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, for Union vessels, in certain non-Union waters, amending Regulation (EU) No 43/2014 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 779/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/106 of 19 January 2015 fixing for 2015 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks in the Black Sea

Council Regulation (EU) No 1367/2014 of 15 December 2014 fixing for 2015 and 2016 the fishing opportunities for Union fishing vessels for certain deep-sea fish stocks

Corrigendum to Council Regulation (EU) No 1367/2014 of 15 December 2014 fixing for 2015 and 2016 the fishing opportunities for Union fishing vessels for certain deep-sea fish stocks

Council Regulation (EU) No 1221/2014 of 10 November 2014 fixing for 2015 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea and amending Regulations (EU) No 43/2014 and (EU) No 1180/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 779/2014 of 17 July 2014 fixing the fishing opportunities for anchovy in the Bay of Biscay for the 2014/15 fishing season

Communication on fishing opportunites for 2015

Communication from the Commission concerning a consultation on Fishing Opportunities for 2015 under the Common Fisheries Policy - COM/2014/388

Proposals

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel - COM (2012) 413 final

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