Pescas

INSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable FishINSEPARABLE - Eat, Buy and Sell Sustainable Fish

Pesquisa
Conteúdos relacionados

Legislação sobre a gestão das unidades populacionais de peixe (EUR-Lex)

Uma gestão com base no rendimento máximo sustentável (sínteses da legislação da UE)

Ficha sobre o bacalhau English (en)

Ficha sobre a pescada English (en)

Ficha sobre o lagostim English (en)

Ficha sobre o linguado e a solha English (en)

Ficha sobre o arenque English (en)

Notícias
How was sea bass managed in the EU until now? What does the common approach consist of? What will be proposed under the third part of this package? Sea bass landings are increasing from year to year, what will the Commission do to tackle this? Why are recreational anglers covered by the measures, when the commercial sector catches the lion share of sea bass? What about the longer term? What happens in January 2016, during the next spawning season of sea bass? What is the potential economic impact of a further decline of seabass?
Today the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament has voted on the multiannual Baltic Plan, a management plan adopted by the European Commission in 2014 which establishes targets and conservation reference points for stocks and promotes regionalised decision making for fisheries in the Baltic.
The Council has adopted measures to help sea bass recover. For recreational fishing, which accounts for 25% of sea bass mortality, the decision will mean the introduction of a limit of three fish per day per angler. Learn more about sea bass with our infographic (available in English and in French).

Planos plurianuais

Gestão das unidades populacionais de peixes

Quase todas as unidades populacionais e pescarias importantes são geridas através de planos plurianuais, que preveem objetivos para a gestão das unidades populacionais de peixes, expressos em termos de taxa de mortalidade por pesca e/ou dimensão da unidade populacional. Alguns planos também definem um roteiro pormenorizado específico para atingir o objetivo visado ou estipulam, em complemento dos totais admissíveis de capturas (TAC) anuais,  limitações do esforço de pesca e regras específicas de controlo.

No âmbito da nova política comum das pescas, os planos plurianuais incluirão o objetivo de pescar a nível do rendimento máximo sustentável e indicarão um prazo para o atingir. Além disso, preverão medidas para a aplicação da obrigação de desembarque,  bem como mecanismos de salvaguarda para tomar medidas corretivas, se necessário, e cláusulas de revisão, entre outras. Os planos plurianuais podem também conter medidas técnicas.

A Comissão adotou uma proposta para um plano plurianual para a gestão das pescas no Báltico, relativo a várias unidades populacionais. Trata-se da primeira proposta para um novo plano após a entrada em vigor da nova política comum das pescas.

1. Recovery plan for cod: North Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak, the eastern Channel, Irish Sea and West of Scotland

Agreed: February 2004, revised November 2008.

Areas covered: ICES III, IV, VIa, VIIa and VIId.

Target: originally, to increase the quantities of mature fish to sustainable levels; now, to reduce fishing mortality to rate which can maximise long-term sustainable yield. Initial fishing mortality target rate is set at 0.4. Rate of year-on-year changes in TAC varies with level of stock.

Special conditions: incentives for Member States to reduce discards and establish cod-avoidance programmes.

Council Regulation (EC) No 423/2004 of 26 February 2004

Council Regulation (EC) No 1342/2008 of 18 December 2008

Council Regulation (EU) No 1243/2012 of 19 December 2012 amending Regulation (EC) No 1342/2008 establishing a long-term plan for cod stocks and the fisheries exploiting those stocks

2. Recovery plan for Northern hake

Agreed: April 2004.

Areas covered: Kattegat, Skagerrak, North Sea, the Channel, West of Scotland, all around Ireland and Bay of Biscay.

Target: increase the quantities of mature fish in the Northern hake stock to at least 140 000 tonnes.

Council Regulation (EC) No 811/2004 of 21 April 2004

3. Recovery plan for Southern hake and Norway lobster

Agreed: 20 December 2005.

Areas covered: Cantabrian Sea and Western Iberian Peninsula.

Target: increase the spawning stock biomass of Southern hake to 35 000 tonnes for two consecutive years. For Norway lobster, rebuild stocks to within safe biological limits.

Council Regulation (EC) No 2166/2005 of 20 December 2005

4. Multi-annual plan for sole, Bay of Biscay

Agreed: 23 February 2006.

Areas covered: Bay of Biscay (ICES VIIIa and VIIIb).

Target: bring spawning stock biomass to above the precautionary level of 13 000 tonnes in 2008.

Specific conditions: vessels catching more than 2 000 kg of sole per year will require a special permit. A ceiling is set of 100 kg of sole per sea trip.

Council Regulation (EC) No 388/2006 of 23 February 2006

5. Multi-annual plan for sole, Western Channel

Agreed: 7 May 2007.

Areas covered: Western Channel (ICES VIIe).

Target: reduce fishing mortality rate by 20 % compared to the average of 2003-2005 or achieve a fishing mortality rate of 0.27 for appropriate age groups – whichever is the higher.

Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2007 of 7 May 2007

6. Multi-annual plan for sole and plaice, North Sea

Agreed: 11 June 2007.

Area covered: North Sea.

Target: ensure precautionary biomass for plaice of 230 000 tonnes and for sole of 35 000 tonnes by gradually reducing fishing mortality on sole from its current level of 0.35 to 0.2 and on plaice from 0.58 to 0.3.

Council Regulation (EC) No 676/2007 of 11 June 2007

7. Measures for the recovery of eel

Agreed: 18 September 2007.

Area covered: EU estuaries and rivers that flow into seas in ICES areas III, IV, VI, VII, VIII, IX and the Mediterranean.

Target: national eel management plans should enable at least 40 % of the level of adult eels, which in the absence of fishing and other human activity would migrate, to be able to escape to the sea to spawn.

Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 of 18 September 2007

List of national eel management plans English (en)

8. Multi-annual plan for cod, Baltic

Agreed: 18 September 2007.

Area covered: ICES SD 22-32.

Target: ensure sustainable exploitation by gradually reducing and maintaining mortality rates no lower than 0.6 for cod between 3 and 6 years in the Western Baltic and 0.3 for cod between 4 and 7 years in the Eastern Baltic.

Special conditions: exclusion of small-scale vessels below 8m. Flexibility for effort management for small-scale vessels between 8 and 12 metres in length.

Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 of 18 September 2007

6 October 2014 - Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 - COM(2014) 614

9. Long-term plan for West of Scotland herring

Agreed: 18 December 2008.

Area covered: international and EU waters in ICES zones Vb and VIb, and the northern part of ICES zone VIa excluding the Clyde.

Target: to reduce fishing mortality to rate which can maximise long-term sustainable yield. Target fishing mortality rate of 0.25 when stock is over 75 000 tonnes, and 0.2 when stock is between 75 000 and 50 000 tonnes. Closure triggered when stock falls below 50 000 tonnes. Rate of year-on-year changes in TAC varies with level of stock.

Council Regulation (EC) No 1300/2008 of 18 December 2008

10. Recovery plan for Greenland halibut

Council Regulation (EC) No 2115/2005 of 20 December 2005 establishing a recovery plan for Greenland halibut in the framework of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation

11. Recovery plan for Bluefin tuna

Regulation (EU) No 500/2012 of 13 June 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 302/2009 concerning a multiannual recovery plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean

Council Regulation (EC) No 302/2009 of 6 April 2009 concerning a multiannual recovery plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, amending Regulation (EC) No 43/2009 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1559/2007

Council Regulation (EC) No 1559/2007 of 17 December 2007 establishing a multi-annual recovery plan for bluefin tuna in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean and amending Regulation (EC) No 520/2007