Why: Key challenges and EU obligations
Globalization has brought the world new opportunities, along with new challenges and security threats. Power balances are shifting, competition for access to vital resources is growing and we are witnessing a proliferation of weapons. Threats have become more diversified and less predictable. They affect Europe, even if most conflicts occur outside its borders.
The EU is the largest Union in the world, a model of co-operation and an engine for reform. Together the member states are working on a Common Foreign Security Policy and a European Security and Defence Policy.
As the world’s biggest donor, it is a prominent member in international organizations and a partner of regional groups. The EU, always in favour of multilateral action, promotes its fundamental values of freedom, liberty, and human dignity.
The European Security Strategy (ESS) identifies five major threats (terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction, regional conflicts, state failures and organised crime) and three priorities (Conflict Prevention, Rapid Response and Assistance on all stages of crisis).
Security threats are not only military issues. EU assistance and policies give attention to political, economic, financial and social aspects. In addition to the traditional military resources, the EU is co-ordinating political, technical and financial support with civilians.
The fundamental rights and needs of people are just as important as the “security of states”, therefore, the EU supports good governance practices and attempts to lay a viable democratic, international order.