The International Criminal Court & the fight against impunity
The EU is determined to work towards the prevention of crimes of international concern and the ending of impunity for perpetrators of such crimes. it has consistently given strong support – political, financial and technical – to the effective functioning of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and other international criminal tribunals. This has been done through the EU Common Position and an EU Action Plan on ICC. All but one EU member states have ratified the Rome Statute, establishing the ICC. EU Member States are also the main contributors to the ICC budget.
In June 2004, the Office of the ICC Prosecutor expressed interest in receiving strategic information from the EU on issues of concern to its investigations and suggested the negotiation of a Cooperation Agreement. The EU-ICC Co-operation and Assistance Agreement was adopted on 10 April 2006 and entered into force on 1 May. It places an obligation of co-operation and assistance on the EU and the ICC, with particular emphasis on the exchange of classified information.
Commission financial support
Since 1995 (when a specific budget line was created by the European Parliament to that end), the EU has provided over EUR 40 million under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) for projects aiming at supporting the ICC and international criminal justice. Significant funds have been used to promote the ratification of the Rome Statute, particularly by funding global NGO activity through organisations such as the Coalition for the International Criminal Court and No Peace Without Justice and promoting awareness-raising among parliamentarians through Parliamentarians for Global Action.