[30/06/2014] [Poland] [Report] [Polish]
Posted by : Country Coordinator Poland
Authors : Edyta Pendel (ed.)
The correct process of integration of immigrants currently residing in the territory of our country determines not only the maintenance of order and social cohesion, but also the successes of the future Polish immigration policy. Hence, it is important to know the current state of integration and the related needs of immigrants settling in Poland. These processes should be tested not only in the regions with the highest concentration of foreigners, which is in Mazowieckie, but also in places where they create less numerous but significant immigrant communities, such as in Lesser Poland. That is the purpose pursued by this project, undertaking an analysis of the situation and needs related to the integration of foreigners settling in the Lesser Poland province.
Its aim was to understand integration as a process consisting of the inclusion of ethnically and culturally different individuals or groups to the host society and their participation in different areas of its life; and to also perceive it as a two-way process that changes immigrant communities and the host society. Integration is the one of the possible ways of adaptation that can be followed foreigners settling in our country and the region. However, they may also be forced by the host society, or freely choose assimilation and acculturation, or follow or be led by the Poles onto the side path of incorporation, leading to their social separation and marginalization.
For analytical purposes, the overall changes related to the integration of immigrants in the Lesser Poland region has been divided into various areas of human life and analyzed in the following dimensions: legal and institutional, economic, spatial, social, and cultural identity. To accurately capture the current state of integration of foreigners settling in Lesser Poland in the above dimensions, but also their various needs associated with integration, 200 extensive surveys were made, as well as 40 in-depth surveys, 4 focus surveys and 10 expert surveys. The study covered the four largest groups of immigrants settling in the Lesser Poland region, namely Ukrainians, Armenians, Vietnamese and citizens of the MENA countries, as well as representatives of institutions and organizations acting on behalf of groups of foreigners in Lesser Poland.
Apart from analyzing the dimensions of the integration of immigrants, this study also reveals the characteristics of the study groups and the (extremely important for the integration process) state of the studied populations prior to migration, as well as the main features of their migration processes. After all, these factors determine all dimensions of integration of foreigners into the host society.
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Source : Małopolski Urząd Wojewódzki