Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Italy
[31/10/2013] [Italy] [Academic paper/Research] [Italian]
Posted by : Country Coordinator Italy
Authors : Eleonora Castagnone, Ester Salis, Viviana Premazz
The domestic sector’s labour market has experienced considerable growth in Italy since the 1970s. Vis-à-vis the crisis of traditional informal care systems and the inadequacy of national welfare services, foreign workers have been progressively and significantly joining this sector.
By providing housekeeping and care services to Italian households, they have become one of the major pillars of the Italian welfare system, with more than one in two foreign women (51.3%) employed as a domestic worker or family assistant in 2011.
Although migration and labour trajectories of migrants in this sector are very diverse due to individual characteristics, strategies and the collective resources that they mobilize in the given social, economic and political “opportunity structure”, the research highlights some common patterns of labour market integration in the personal and household services sector.
The highlighted processes of labour market integration into the domestic sector of migrant workers finally contributes to drawing attention to the interconnection between immigration, welfare and labour regimes in the Italian context. The report finally suggests some possible avenues for policy reform aimed at tackling the most serious challenges concerning socio-economic integration of migrant domestic workers in Italy.