Navigation path

EUROPA > European Commission > Home Affairs > EWSI > Integration practices Integration practices details

Search good practiceSubmit a good practice

Integration practices Business Incubator for Vulnerable
Project begin 01/10/2011

Attached file(s)

Target audience

  • AGE
    • 18-25
    • 25-40
    • 40-65
    • <18
    • Family reunification
    • Study migration
    • Refugees (including asylum-seekers)
    • Labour migration
    • 2nd/ 3rd generation
    • Permanent residents
    • Newcomers
    • Students
    • In vocational training
    • Unemployed
    • Female
    • Male


    • Vocational training and career development
    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship
Project end 30/06/2012
Country of residence Bulgaria
City / Region
City Sofia
Abstract (EN)

A business incubator has been established at the Bulgarian Red Cross (BRC), accessible to all vunerable groups including Roma, migrants & refugees, elderly people and women with low incomes.

The project includes cooperation between private enterprises and public institutions. Private partners train and support student volunteers who consult project beneficiaries how to become self-employed. Consultations include the elaboration of business plans and other professional documents and mediation between microfinance and administrative bodies.


Issue/challenge and

One of the biggest problems of marginalized and vulnerable communities such as Roma, migrants and other minorities is access to the labour market. Therefore, in the recent years,  targeted support for economic activities and employment has gained significant importance in inclusion strategies.


The project aims to enable vulnerable people willing to start up their own enterprise to develop their professional biographies in order to improve their social status and to enter the labour market through independent income strategies.Furthermore, the project facilitates dialogue and promotes awareness for the vulnerable communities amongst the public by involving student volunteers and private partners through inclusive project approach.

One of strategic goals of the Bulgarian Red Crosss is the provision of opportunities for qualification and re-qualification of vulnerable people in order to mobilize their potential for social inclusion and integration and thus supporting people to become independent from the welfare system.


How does it work?

Pro bono staff from several private partners and BRC experts conducted workshops in order to train graduate student volunteers to advise and mentor beneficiaries who are capable and willing to start up their own business. In addition to the professional training the students were provided with materials for the consulting sessions with the beneficiaries.

Together students and entrepreneurs assessed the proposed  business ideas, prepared professional documents and conducted research for the start-ups at a small office space with computers provided by the BRC. Consequently the beneficiaries where able to develop and register their business, apply for state support and microfinances from project partners. 



The pilot project started with 10 beneficiaries from different backgrounds. Three entrepreneurs prepared business plans. One of the entrepreneurs registered his business idea and applied for a micro credit.

Training materials and guides for various target groups and business types were developed. Both participating students as well as beneficiaries acquired new skills and experience in the field of business administration know how.

As a result of the project the motivation of beneficiaries for self-determination and active engagement with the other stakeholders increased. The interaction between the different groups resulted in  higher awareness about the situation of marginalized people in Bulgaria. 





To evaluate the first phase of the project, the project team conducted focus groups with the student consultants and individual interviews with beneficiaries. The evaluation showed that the project was able to achieve most of its objectives listed above.

Following the recommendations made during the evaluation the project team identified possibilities for improvements. Most importantly the project team plans to extend their cooperation with other  partners and seek broader funding possibilities for the beneficiaries.


Who will benefit?

Beneficiaries are representatives of vulnarable groups  such as migrants, refugees and ethnic minorities. Minimum qualifications required are a good command of Bulgarian language and a plausible business idea. The pilot project included 10 beneficiaries. 20 people will benefit from the second phase of project, starting in 2013.

Source of funding
and resources used

All participants representing the stakeholders were volunteers (34) or pro bono experts (15). Computers and printers are second hand donations. One coordinator from the BRC is assigned for the project management.

Aside from the  remuneration for the coordinator and the utilities fees the project activities require no budget. 


Organisation Bulgarian Red Cross
Contact person Stana Ilieva (Send email)
Function Expert, International Operations, Programmes and Projects Unit


previous October 2014 next
Conflict resolution
in a multicultural
environment -
konfliktów w

The training is
directed primarily to
epmloyees of NGOs
working with
foreigners from
outside the Eur[more]
Nothing about us
without us - l

Which problems do
foreigners face every
day? Is Polish
migration law clear
and profitable for
Gekommen und
geblieben - 50 Jahre

schloss im Jahr 1964
mit der Türkei
und 1966 mit dem
Jugoslawien ein[more]
Ireland: 4th Annual
Dublin African Film
Festival (DAFF)

The 4th Annual Dublin
African Film Festival
(DAFF) 2014 will
start from October 2
- 4 across Dublin [more]
1st International
Congress on Cultural
Diversity and
Conflict in the
European Union

On 2 and 3 October
2014 the 1st
Congress on Cultural
Diversity and
Conflict in the Eur[more]
Free workshop on job
search in Poland for
third country
nationals - Bezpłatne
warsztaty na temat
poszukiwania pracy w
Polsce dla
obcokrajowców spoza UE

The workshop is
designed for
foreigners searching
for a job who wish to
change their current
job or [more]
Living together in
diversity, solving
conflicts, creating
an inclusive Eur

The training focuses
on the connection of
intercultural and
international (youth)
work and the prom[more]
Migrant laborers.
territory and
seasonal work in
contemporary Italy:
discussion between
history and social

October 3, 2014,
10-18  Rome,
Centro Studi
Emigrazione, Via
Dandolo 58  The
seminar aims[more]
Teacher training
civic educati

On October 3th, The
Anne Frank House
together with Amnesty
ProDemos and Movies
that M[more]
5 6
Migrants and
migration in media
and public opinion -
Call for Paper

In the recent media
coverage the
connection between
migration and crisis
is doubled. On the
one han[more]
Federal Congress
Inter Culture

The current
developments of
Homeland Concepts
will be presented and
discussed for three
days in lect[more]
The unused resources
of cultures

Discussion on
multiculturality and
national cohesion.
Can they be combined?
What can the public
7 8
Les Assises
nationales des
partenaires du
Réseau. Histoire de
l'immigration et

Au fil de cette
“Histoire de
l’immigration et l[more]
9 10
Training for “Teacher
L2, specialized for
refugees and
vulnerable mi

On October 10 the
second edition of the
training course
“Teacher L2,
specialized for
asylum se[more]
12 13 14 15
12th Berlin Days of
Dialogue 2014

The main issue of the
dialogue days 2014 is
"Every success has a
story." As in
previous years, a
Women of the world -
multiculturalism in
perinatal care -
Kobiety świata -
wielokulturowość w
opiece o

The training is
dedicated to midwives
and physicians
who meet in
their practice with
women from[more]
Conference 1914-2014:
Lessons from History?
Citizenship Education
and Conflict

One hundred years
after the start of
the First World War,
this 'great seminal
catastrophe of the 20t[more]
17 18
Diversity and
Integration in the
Classroom 2014

A trainee program in
the U.S. for aspiring
German teachers with
immigrant b
19 20
Clear communication,
sensitive consulting,
negotiations: Dealing
with diversity among

Diversity compentency
is key for target
group oriented legal
counselling. Lawyers
deal with diverse [more]
21 22
10th International
Congress of the
Hellenic Geographical

Migration processes,
transnationalism and
mobilities in Europe
in times o[more]
XXII basic course in
medicine of migration

The XXII edition of
the basic course in
medicine migration
promoted by Caritas
of Rome under the pat[more]
Conference: Borders
in Social Policy,
boundaries of Social

The Annual Conference
of Social PolicyThe
theme focuses on two
aspects of
processes: o[more]
New Era of Expat
The main objective of
the Congress will be
to present multiple
views on the
phenomenon of global ec[more]
26 27 28 29 30
NL: The future of
diversity policies in
the National Police

After more than a
decade of diversity
policies, the
national police Corps
organises a diversity
day [more]
Country Info
Making integration work

The successful integration of third-country nationals legally residing in the Member States of the European Union is vital to strengthening freedom, security and justice in Europe.

The European Web Site on Integration provides you with a collection of good practices and a wide variety of tools and useful information to make integration work.


Most popular pages
Stay connected!