[31/12/2012] [Portugal] [Forschungsarbeit] [Portugisisch]
Beitrag von : Country Coordinator Portugal
Autoren : Jorge Malheiros and Alina Esteves (Coord.), José Mapril, Frederica Rodrigues, Mafalda Estevão, Carla Afonso (Creation and management of databases)
This national study integrates the 'Portugal Immigrant' Collection, composed of twenty-two local studies on the characterization of the non-EU immigrant population and the resulting challenges and potentialities of this population for the dynamics of development at the local level. Thus, based on those studies, the national study seeks to synthesize the results of this process of characterization on the national level (continent and islands), tracing an overall diagnosis of third country national immigrants in Portugal for the first decade of the XXI century.
The research presents a complete diagnostic and update of the situation of third country nationals installed in different geographical areas of the national territory in their socio-demographic aspects, trajectories in the labour market and migration processes, experiences of discrimination and integration of proximity and the development of social networks.
The results confirm that the 'peak of migration' in contemporary Portugal occurred between 1998 and 2002, given that more than a third of the members of the families surveyed in 2009/2010 declared to have reached the country in this period, and also because since then, immigration to Portugal has decreased. Despite this fact, the importance of immigration in Portugal is still strong due to the continuous arrival of foreigners (albeit fewer) on our territory , and it is less associated with the labour market and more with family reunification and studies. In this new context, the challenges of integration are still valid but on a different level, more oriented to the descendants of immigrants, the consolidation of the relational framework in the context of the intercultural strategies and a more explicit enhancement of diversity and of its potential benefits in terms of creativity and conflict capable of generating negotiated solutions that represent progress for society.
The ‘Portugal Immigrant’ Collection aims to contribute to the rethinking of integration policies, which always had a distinctly local imprint. The scientific and technical coordination was undertaken by Prof. Jorge Malheiros (Center for Geographical Studies, IGOT-UL) and counted with the support of the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals (FEINPT). The local studies were promoted by the network of local centres to support the integration of immigrants (CLAII), framed by management entities such as municipalities and civil society organizations, in the counties involved: Almada; Beja; Castelo Branco; Faro; Guarda; Lousã; Macedo de Cavaleiros; Moita; Montijo; Moura; Oeiras; Ponta Delgada; Vila Nova de Gaia; Trofa; Santarém; Seixal; Sesimbra; Sintra; São Brás de Alportel; Braga - Guimarães; Funchal - Santa Cruz - Câmara de Lobos and Albufeira.
The collection is based on a national enquiry applied to a sample of 5,669 immigrants from countries outside the European Union, which also characterize the households composed of 13,520 individuals. In addition to the national survey and the twenty-two local studies, this work gave rise to two Databases with relevant information on the characteristics of immigration in Portuguese municipalities. Both the reports as data bases are available in the Observatory of Immigration. For more information contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Malheiros, Esteves (Coord.) et al., 2012
Source : Observatório da Imigração, ACIDI, I.P.