End of life vehicles (ELVs) End of life vehicles (ELVs)

Every year, End of life vehicles generate between 8 and 9 million tonnes of valuable waste in the Community. In 1997, the European Commission adopted a Proposal for a Directive which aims at making vehicle dismantling, reuse, recovery and recycling more environmentally friendly.

Directive 2000/53/EC sets out clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of vehicles and their components and also pushes producers to manufacture vehicles with a clear view to their recyclability.

Data

End-of-Life Vehicles recycling and recovery rates are the most relevant data because of the reporting requirements and targets set out in the ELV Directive. To provide some context the total quantity of ELV waste generated is also given.

 Reuse, recycling and recovery of ELVs, by country and year, in percent (%)

To understand the magnitude of the waste stream, and the issues associated with it, it is helpful to know the total number of ELVs and the volume of waste that is generated. Total waste generation is mainly a factor of the size of the Member State.

 Generation of ELV waste, by country and year, in number of cars and tonnes

Data relating to individual Member States, in the same format as that submitted by the competent authority to Eurostat, is also provided here:

Table 1:

  Treatment of Materials from de-pollution and dismantling within the Member State, by waste category, treatment type, country and year, in tonnes

Table 2:

  Treatment of Materials from shredding within the Member State, by waste category, treatment type, country and year, in tonnes

Table 3:

 Treatment of Exported ELVs, by country, treatment type and year, in tonnes

Table 4:

 Generation, reuse, recycling and recovery of ELVs, by treatment type, year and country, in number of cars, tonnes and percent (%)

Targets

The Directive stipulates that Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following targets are attained by economic operators:

  • no later than 1 January 2006, for all end of life vehicles, the reuse and recovery shall be increased to a minimum of 85 % by an average weight per vehicle and year. Within the same time limit the reuse and recycling shall be increased to a minimum of 80 % by an average weight per vehicle and year;
  • no later than 1 January 2015, for all end of life vehicles, the reuse and recovery shall be increased to a minimum of 95 % by an average weight per vehicle and year. Within the same time limit, the re-use and recycling shall be increased to a minimum of 85 % by an average weight per vehicle and year.

Useful addresses

Environment DG: End of Life vehicles

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