Transport plays a prominent economic role because it conveys:
- Goods and services to customers
- Passengers to work or school (but also to shops or leisure activities)
Collection and Presentation of the Data
The data feature several different aspects:
- Three different measurement types:
- Transport of goods – tonnes transported and tonne-kilometres (TKM) – the most complete and accurate dataset
- Transport of people – number of transported passengers and passenger-kilometres (PKM)
- Traffic – Stock of vehicles and vehicle-kilometres (VKM)
- Six different transport modes:
- Inland waterway
- Most of the data collections are based on legislation applied by EU Member States, European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries and some candidate countries. Others are based on voluntary agreements.
Some data collections go back to 1980, while others start more recently.
Other available data include:
- Aggregated statistics on businesses, employment, infrastructure and means of transport
- A multilingual glossary of transport statistics, which aims to provide globally standardised definitions and concepts both inside the EU and beyond, is maintained by Eurostat, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Transport Forum (ITF).
The main cornerstone for future EU transport policy is the 2011 EU White Paper entitled : 'Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system'.
As a result, EU transport statistics have diversified – while maintaining the current coverage and quality of existing data collections, attempts are being made to produce statistical data which address the underlying issues and make it easier to model them.